Middle East & North Africa (MENA)

CGGC uses the GVC framework to address economic development challenges in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The region has one of the fastest growing populations in the world along with the highest youth unemployment rates. MENA’s economies include high-income countries that depend on oil exports such as Saudi Arabia, middle-income countries with diversified exports such as Egypt, and low-income countries such as Yemen. Recent transitions and unrest demonstrate that MENA nations urgently need sustainable approaches to economic growth that reduce vulnerabilities, create employment opportunities and promote an inclusive and competitive private sector. Our research seeks to better understand complex dynamics in MENA countries to foster comprehensive development in sectors such as agriculture, technology, and energy.

Wheat Value Chains and Food Security in the Middle East and North Africa Region

imageThis report focuses on the wheat global value chain in the energy-exporting countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, with particular emphasis on Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Syria and the UAE. It is funded by a grant to Duke from the US Department of Defense's MINERVA Initiative.
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Global Value Chains, Economic Upgrading and Gender: Case Studies of the Horticulture, Tourism, and Call Center Industries

imageThis book provides a gendered analysis of the horticulture, tourism, and call center global value chains (GVCs) based on a survey of the literature and case studies carried out in Honduras, Kenya, and the Arab Republic of Egypt. The studies show that GVCs and their upgrading dynamics have important gender dimensions, and that integration and upgrading are influenced by, and have an impact on, gender relations. The book is edited by Cornelia Staritz and José Guilherme Reis.
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The Fruit and Vegetables Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development

imageShows the shift of fruit and vegetable preparation from rural households to the urban kitchen, and highlights the new skills and global standards required of workers and suppliers in developing countries to meet the needs of global supermarkets.
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The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development

imageGlobal tourists are traveling further, faster and more frequently than ever before. This report indicates how developing countries can prepare their tourism workforce to provide the high levels of customer service expected by today’s sophisticated traveler.
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