EDF's Corporate Partnerships Program
Large corporations can have enormous environmental impacts. In many cases, best practices in an industry can dramatically reduce these impacts—for example, emitting less CO2 equivalent or using energy or water more efficiently. However, companies with the greatest opportunity to put these best practices into use may be overlooked because they lie in a hidden part of an industry’s value chain.
In this series of reports prepared for EDF’s Corporate Partnerships Program, we analyze the structure and dynamics of selected industries and try to answer the following questions:
- Who are the major industry players, and how do they affect each other?
- Which activities drive the chain, and why?
- Where are the greatest opportunities to encourage environmental best practices?
To date, we have completed the following industry reports:
A Value Chain Analysis of the U.S. Beef & Dairy Industries
Livestock farms are a major source of greenhouse gases. Certain practices in feeding and manure management can reduce these and other environmental impacts, but how do you encourage 967,440 U.S. farms, ranches and feedlots to adopt these best practices? We find that the strongest leverage for effecting such change lies in the downstream players in the value chain.
A Value Chain Analysis of the U.S. Pork Industry
Over-use of antibiotics in hog production poses the risk of creating antibiotic-resistant bacteria, seriously threatening human health. Reducing antibiotic use, however, poses challenges to hog farmers. By analyzing the value chain, we can better understand the industry’s dynamics, preparing the way for further work to find ways of protecting public health that also make good business sense.
A Value Chain Analysis of Selected California Crops
California is the most diversified agricultural economy in the world, generating more agricultural value than many countries. In the value chains for two selected crops—grain corn and processed tomatoes—we identify the players positioned to encourage environmental best practices.
View Appendix A and B
An Analysis of the U.S. Real Estate Value Chain
Buildings account for about 40% of U.S. energy consumption. The real estate sector involves a large number of diverse players, including developers, builders, investors, lenders, property managers, tenants and others. In the value chain analysis that ties all these interests together, we ask, “Where is the greatest leverage for reducing the energy we use in buildings?”