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Overcapacity in Steel: China’s Role in a Global Problem
September 2016 | Durham, NC
The global steel sector is once again in a state of overcapacity. The sector, predominantly fueled by China’s expansion since 2000, has grown to over 2,300 million metric tons (MT) while only needing 1,500 MT to meet global demand. The result is a global steel sector at unviable profit levels and an influx of cheap steel in the global trading system adversely affecting companies, workers, and the global trading regime. This report was prepared for the Alliance for American Manufacturing (AAM).
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Promoting Decent Work in Global Supply Chains (GSCs) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC): Key Issues, Good Practices, Lessons Learned and Policy Insights
The report for the International Labour Organisation (ILO) uses a case-based approach to analyze circumstances under which both economic and social upgrading have been achieved simultaneously. The report is based on a desk-based review, drawing upon existing studies of GSCs to examine their impacts and implications for the development of domestic firms and workers, their contribution to productive transformation and structural change and their impacts on the quantity and quality of jobs in the LAC region.
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Global Value Chain Analysis: A Primer (2nd Edition)
July 2016 | Durham, NC
In July 2016, Duke CGGC released the 2nd edition of “Global Value Chain Analysis: A Primer” by Gary Gereffi and Karina Fernandez-Stark. The previous version, released in May 2011, presents key GVC concepts applied by Duke CGGC in a simple and expository style. This 2nd edition refines these earlier concepts and approaches, and introduces several new illustrations drawing from recent Duke CGGC research involving GVC analysis to inform industrial policy and the inclusion of SMEs in GVCs.
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The Philippines in Manufacturing Global Value Chains: An Introduction
May 2016 | Durham, NC
This introductory report outlines the analytical framework employed for the study, examines the Philippines recent economic growth and the recent revitalization of the manufacturing sector and provides an introduction to relevant elements of Philippine investment, trade and education policies.
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The Philippines in the Aerospace Global Value Chain
May 2016 | Durham, NC
Strong growth in the global aerospace sector has created opportunities for new entrants. In recent years, the Philippines has successfully entered into this industry, although at a much smaller scale that the few other developing countries in the sector. This report seeks to understand the complexity of the industry and the numerous subsystems of which it is composed in order to provide insight for continued upgrading strategies.
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The Philippines in the Automotive Global Value Chain
May 2016 | Durham, NC
Final assembly in automotive sector tends to be nationally and regionally oriented. Nonetheless, high value to volume parts is a global business in which skill and experience are drivers of competitive advantage. This report uses the global value chain (GVC) framework to unveil potential growth opportunities in the Philippines, particularly building on its strength as the 4th largest global wire harness exporter.
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The Philippines in the Electronics and Electrical Global Value Chain
May 2016 | Durham, NC
The electronics industry has been the backbone of Philippine manufacturing exports over the past decade. This report uses the global value chain framework to support the country’s efforts to expand beyond its role in semiconductor assembly and testing towards higher value products and market niches. In addition, it examines potential to leverage synergies with other manufacturing sectors in the country.
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The Philippines in the Chemical Global Value Chain
May 2016 | Durham, NC
Chemicals affect almost every aspect of our daily lives. The global chemical industry is becoming increasingly concentrated in the Asia-Pacific region, driven by Factory Asia, a construction boom, and a growing middle class demanding consumer products. This has given rise to numerous opportunities for the Philippines to export in key product niches in the industry. The global value chain framework is used to identify specific segments for future upgrading.
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The Philippines in the Paper Global Value Chain
May 2016 | Durham, NC
The global paper industry has become increasingly fragmented in the past decade, shifting its focus east to meet the rising demand for packaging and health and hygiene products in Asia-Pacific and compensate for strong declines in developed regions as a result of the increased use of information technology. This report examines the potential for the Philippines to take advantage of this changing landscape.
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Chlorhexidine for Umbilical Cord Care: A Value Chain Analysis in Bangladesh
May 2016 | Durham, NC
In many regions of the world, including South Central Asia, infection is a leading cause of neonatal mortality. 7.1% chlorhexidine digluconate (gel or solution) is a lifesaving commodity which, when properly applied to newborn umbilical cords, can significantly reduce neonatal mortality. Chlorhexidine (CHX) for umbilical cord care was introduced in Bangladesh after a decade of clinical trials and implementation studies. This report applies a value chain analysis to the CHX launch in Bangladesh to identify critical opportunities to create greater synergies, reduce supply interruption risks and increase the adoption of CHX in the medium or long term.
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Peru in the High Quality Cotton Textile and Apparel Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading
January 2016 | Durham, NC

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Peru in the Mining Equipment Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading
January 2016 | Durham, NC

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Peru in the Table Grape Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading
January 2016 | Durham, NC
In a short period of time, Peru has positioned itself as a leading exporter of grapes. This offers a sustainable development, especially in rural areas of the country. The report uses the GVC framework to analyze Peru’s position and potential for upgrading in the industry. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and high quality cotton.
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Pro-Poor Development and Power Asymmetries in Global Value Chains
September 2015 | Durham, NC
This report presents the asymmetric power relations in global value chains. It examines the limits of private governance and its development implications for local firms and producers in developing countries by drawing on the cases of apparel, cocoa-chocolate, and sugar-‘soft drink’ global value chains.
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Targeting Inclusive Development: A Value Chain Approach to Sewer Infrastructure Investment
April 2015 | Durham, NC
This report by Duke CGGC was sponsored by the Surdna Foundation to investigate how six local governments within the United States (Cleveland, OH; Louisville, KY; Omaha, NE; Philadelphia, PA; San Francisco, CA; Seattle, WA) investing in water infrastructure have successfully incorporated targeted businesses in capital improvements, while also identifying which segments of the value chain have the highest levels of opportunity for these businesses.
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The Solar Economy: Widespread Benefits for North Carolina
February 2015 | Durham, NC
This report by Duke CGGC describes a solar “value chain” of investors, solar developers, construction contractors and solar panel and component manufacturers comprising more than 450 companies. Together, these companies support some 4,300 jobs and represent a $2 billion investment. In addition to jobs, solar industry-related businesses provide income for landowners and tax revenue for N.C. towns, the report states.
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Public-Private Partnerships in Global Value Chains: Can They Actually Benefit the Poor?
February 2015 | Durham, NC
Over the last two decades, the contextual changes characterized by economic globalization not only influenced patterns of production, competition, and trade; they also provided opportunities for public-private partnerships (PPPs) to achieve development objectives. Today, global value chains (GVCs) account for an estimated 80 percent of world trade (UNCTAD, 2013).
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Infrastructure Investment Creates American Jobs
October 2014 | Durham, NC
Duke CGGC researchers explored the current state of transportation infrastructure and the economic impact of additional investment in renewing infrastructure in the United States for the Alliance of America Manufacturing (AAM). They found that the U.S. ranks 16th overall in transportation infrastructure and that each dollar of investment returns 3.54 in economic activity, creating 21,671 jobs for each $1 billion invested in transportation infrastructure.
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Nicaragua and the Apparel Value Chain in the Americas
March 2014 | Durham, NC
This report explores how U.S. regional textile and apparel manufacturers are linked to the U.S. industry through textile exports and apparel imports and the the role of trade legislation in the past, present and future of the industry in Nicaragua and the United States.
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Burundi in the Agribusiness, Coffee and Energy Global Value Chains: Skills for Private Sector Development: Project Overview
February 2014 | Durham, NC
The Skills for Private Sector Development Project, commissioned by the Education Division of the World Bank, employed the GVC framework to identify specific workforce development strategies to foster upgrading within three industries crucial to Burundi's economic development: agribusiness, coffee and energy. Upgrading in these value chains is dependent on developing new capabilities and generally requires a substantially different set of workers with different skill sets. Knowing the requirements at each stage can help policy makers to prepare the workforce for the needs of future upgrading strategies.
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USAID Jordan Competitiveness Program: Jordan ICT Cluster, ICT Taxonomy and Subsector Selection Report
February 2014 | Durham, NC
Study commissioned by USAID via Development Alternatives Inc. (DAI).

Burundi in the Energy Global Value Chain: Skills for Private Sector Development
February 2014 | Durham, NC
Burundi faces high and growing demand for electrical energy. Political and economic instability over the last two decades, however, has undermined the development of the country’s energy sector. With very low installed capacity, Burundi faces significant challenges with respect to energy supplies in the country. 90% of the country’s energy needs are currently met by the burning of biomass, primarily wood, for cooking and heat contributing to deforestation and health care issues, and the lack of electrical energy supply constrains the development of the country in the long term.
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Burundi in the Coffee Global Value Chain: Skills for Private Sector Development
February 2014 | Durham, NC
Arabica coffee has been commercially grown and exported from Burundi for decades, even during periods of economic and political instability. The coffee sector is crucial to the Burundian economy, not only because it provides employment to a large number of smallholder farmers in the country, but also because the majority of the country’s foreign exchange earnings derive from coffee exports.
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Burundi in the Agribusiness Global Value Chain: Skills for Private Sector Development
February 2014 | Durham, NC
Agriculture is the central pillar of Burundi’s economy, accounting for more than one third of the country’s GDP and employing virtually the entire rural workforce. With good geographic conditions and a suitable climate to production, the country has the potential to be a strong participant in the regional agricultural market. Yet, after years of conflict, the country faces important productivity, infrastructure and institutional challenges that continue to undermine the development of a market-oriented sector, and agriculture remains a primarily subsistence activity, dominated by smallholders with poor knowledge of modern agricultural practices and weak connections to the formal economy. All these constraints have limited the possibility of the country to participate in the global agribusiness value chain. However, Burundi is experiencing slowly rising incomes, growing domestic demand for foodstuffs and a need to formalize the country’s economy, placing pressure on the agricultural sector to modernize and organize to create productive, off-farm employment opportunities, generate revenues and, importantly for the short-term, contribute to the country’s food security.
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The Tobacco Global Value Chain in Low Income Countries
February 2014 | Durham, NC
This report uses global value chains (GVC) analysis to understand how the changing dynamics of the global tobacco industry are affecting producers in low-income countries that are heavily reliant on the tobacco industry.
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Capturing the Gains in Africa, Making the Most of Global Value Chain Participation
February 2014 | Durham, NC
This report was commissioned as a background paper for the annual OECD publication, “Africa Economic Outlook (AEO)” 2014. It provides a critical overview of the Capturing the Gains (CTG) research findings from Africa across three industries: horticulture, apparel and tourism. Specific emphasis is placed on identifying opportunities and challenges for economic and social upgrading within African GVCs so that workers and small producers can capture a fairer share of the gains from trade and economic growth. The report also offers sector specific GVC policy recommendations for African policy makers.
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The Economic Impact of the High Point Market
October 2013 | Durham, NC
The Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness at Duke University was engaged by the High Point Market Authority (HPMA) to conduct a comprehensive economic and fiscal impact of the High Point Market located in High Point, NC.
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The Furniture Value Chain in North Carolina
October 2013 | Durham, NC
This research was sponsored by the High Point Market Authority (HPMA). The report provides an overview of the furniture industry in North Carolina.
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Brazilian Manufacturing in International Perspective: A Global Value Chain Analysis of Brazil's Aerospace, Medical Devices, and Electronics Industries
September 2013 | Durham, NC
Duke CGGC and MIT's Industrial Performance Center conducted a year-long study to understand Brazil's position in the aerospace, medical devices and electronics global value chains and to consider the policy implications of its development efforts. This report, sponsored by the Confederação Nacional da Indústria in Brazil, presents key findings from the research and provides recommendations to improve Brazilian industrial policy.
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Costa Rica in Global Value Chains: An Upgrading Analysis: Introduction: Chapter 1
August 2013 | Durham, NC
This introductory chapter outlines the analytical framework employed for the study, examines Costa Rica's rapid shift from agricultural exports to high tech exports and provides an introduction to relevant elements of Costa Rica's investment, trade and education policies.
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Costa Rica in the Medical Devices Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 2
August 2013 | Durham, NC
Covering a broad spectrum of products from inexpensive bandages, to technology-intensive hearing aids and tissue heart valves, to high-cost items such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines, the medical devices sector offers high growth potential. The report uses the GVC framework to analyze Costa Rica´s position and potential for upgrading in this industry.
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Costa Rica in the Electronics Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 3
August 2013 | Durham, NC
The electronics industry encompasses a vast array of products that feed into markets ranging from consumer products to high-end medical equipment. This report uses the GVC framework to illustrate opportunities for Costa Rica's established electronic component sector to capitalize on other complementary growth markets in the country including medical devices, automotive and aerospace.
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Costa Rica in the Aerospace Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Entry & Upgrading: Chapter 4
August 2013 | Durham, NC
The global aerospace sector is a challenging industry to enter, yet several developing countries have been able to make significant in-roads. This report uses the global value chain (GVC) framework to understand the complexity of the industry and the numerous subsystems of which it is composed in order to provide insight on entry strategies.
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Costa Rica in the Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 5
August 2013 | Durham, NC
Costa Rica has been successful in attracting some of the top companies in the offshore services industry to establish operations within the country, particularly in BPO operations and other shared services.
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Wheat Value Chains and Food Security in the Middle East and North Africa Region
August 2013
This report focuses on the wheat global value chain in the energy-exporting countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, with particular emphasis on Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Syria and the UAE. It is funded by a grant to Duke from the US Department of Defense's MINERVA Initiative.
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US Coal and the Technology Innovation Frontier: What role does coal play in our energy future?
March 2013 | Durham, NC
The U.S. coal industry is coping with declining consumption as the nation burns less coal to generate electricity. The electric power sector drives coal demand and consumes over 90% of coal production.
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Realizing the Potential of African Agriculture: Innovations and Market Access for Smallholders Farmers
May 2013 | Durham, NC
Agriculture increasingly occurs in a context where private entrepreneurs coordinate extensive value chains linking producers to consumers, sometimes across multiple countries. These dynamics drive agricultural development and innovation far more than before across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).
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The NSPS Shipbuilding Value Chains
January 2013 | Durham, NC
The report analyzes the anatomy of the ships procured under Canada’s National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy (NSPS) and identifies opportunities for companies to participate in their construction and maintenance.
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Inclusion of Small- and Medium-Sized Producers in High-Value Agro-Food Value Chains
December 2012 | Durham, NC
This paper uses the global value chain methodology to develop a holistic model to design and implement sustainable initiatives to include high-value agriculture small producers in the national, regional and global chains.
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Assessment of Five High-Value Agriculture Inclusive Business Projects
December 2012 | Durham, NC
This paper is a summary of five IDB-MIF projects on high-value agriculture value chains that aimed to include small- and medium-sized producers in high-value agriculture value chains. The objective of this paper is to provide a set of lessons learned to design and implement efficient, effective and sustainable projects in the future.
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Basic Principles and Guidelines for Impactful and Sustainable Inclusive Business Interventions in High-Value Agro-Food Value Chains
December 2012 | Durham, NC
The objective of this report is to inform IDB-MIF officers and management how global value chain interventions can be more effectively designed, monitored and evaluated to ensure sustainable inclusion of small- and medium-sized producers in high-value agricultural chains.
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The Competitiveness of Small Organic Cocoa Producers of the National Confederation of Dominican Cocoa Producers (CONACADO)
December 2012 | Durham, NC
Small organic cocoa producers in the Dominican Republic improve their competitiveness by increasing cultivation productivity.
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OECD Background Paper: Upgrading in Global Value Chains: Addressing the Skills Challenge in Developing Countries
September 2012 | Durham, NC
This report commissioned by the OECD examines the role of workforce development in developing countries using the GVC methodology.
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Case: Supporting the Competitiveness of Central American Coffee
July 2012 | Durham, NC
After the coffee crisis at the turn of the century, a selected group of small and medium coffee producers in five Central American countries received technical assistance to produce higher value specialty coffee and help to establish market linkages with global buyers.
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Case: Development of Micro and Small Rural Apicultural Producers in Nicaragua & Honduras
July 2012 | Durham, NC
Micro- and small honey producers were helped to enter into the domestic (Honduras) and global (Nicaragua) value chains.
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Case: Conversion to Organic Cacao Cultivation in Peru
July 2012 | Durham, NC
Small producers, members of a large, established coffee and cocoa cooperative in Tingo María, Perú, converted to certified organic production of cocoa.
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Case: Strengthening the Competitiveness of Organic Producers in Andean Microwatersheds
July 2012 | Durham, NC
Small fruit and vegetables producers in Huánuco, Peru were supported to form a consortium to sell their organic produce in supermarkets in Lima.
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Case: Strengthening the Competitiveness of the Stevia Value Chain in Paraguay
July 2012 | Durham, NC
Small stevia producers in Paraguay were helped to improve the production and quality of stevia to raise incomes and expand the supply of stevia.
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Geosynthetics: Coastal Management Applications in the Gulf
July 2012 | Durham, NC
Coastal management projects to restore the Gulf Coast nearly all use geosynthetics-polymer-based materials that can improve structure performance, reduce project time and cost, and lessen environmental impact. This study by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) analyzes 84 firms linked to geosynthetics and coastal management, providing jobs in the five Gulf Coast states and 31 others.
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U.S. Bus Rapid Transit
July 2012 | Durham, NC
New report and online tools for understanding the Bus Rapid Transit value chain.
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Restoring Gulf Oyster Reefs: Opportunities for Innovation
June 2012 | Durham, NC
Several natural and man-made stressors are destroying Gulf Coast oyster reefs, jeopardizing a resource that protects the shore, filters water, and increases marine fisheries production. Restoring oyster reefs will maintain these valuable ecosystem services, and support a network of 132 innovative small and medium sized businesses across 22 states.
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Accessing Ocean Technology Value Chains: a Guide for the Canadian Trade Commissioner Service
April 2012 | Durham, NC
Increasing access of Canada's small and medium-sized enterprises to ocean technology value chains.
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Nova Scotia's Ocean Technologies
March 2012 | Durham, NC
This report focuses on increasing the competitiveness of the ocean technology sector in Nova Scotia.
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Manual: Desarrollo Económico Local y Cadenas Globales de Valor
December 2011 | Durham, NC
Este manual tiene por objeto informar a los equipos de investigación del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo en América Latina acerca de una metodología que permite analizar casos de Desarrollo Económico Local (DEL). En este instructivo se ha incluido el marco tradicional de los estudios DEL y, además, se ha incorporado la metodología de las cadenas globales de valor con el fin de analizar cómo los sectores productivos están colaborando en el desarrollo económico local y, a la vez, cómo los micro, pequeños y medianos empresarios están incluidos en la cadena.
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Restoring the Gulf Coast: New Markets for Established Firms
December 2011 | Durham, NC
Natural and human activities have damaged the Gulf Coast, threatening a valuable ecosystem vital to several billion-dollar industries such as seafood and tourism. Restoring the Gulf Coast can protect these assets while creating much-needed U.S. jobs, by engaging at least 140 firms across nearly 400 locations.
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Skills for Upgrading: Workforce Development and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries
November 2011 | Durham, NC
This research project examines workforce development strategies in developing countries in the context of the shifting upgrading dynamics of global value chains.The full report includes chapters on: 1: Introduction : 2: Fruit & Vegetables : 3: Apparel : 4: Offshore Services 5: Tourism : 6: Conclusion
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Workforce Development in the Global Economy: Linking Skills and Capabilities: Chapter 1
November 2011 | Durham, NC
Value chain practice has become widely utilized in enterprise and industry development in recent years, yet there is almost no literature on workforce development in the context of what we now know about the dynamic upgrading trajectories of countries in global value chains. This introductory chapter highlights the importance of adopting a complementary GVC approach to workforce development to improve the participation and competitiveness of developing countries in the global economy.
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The Fruit and Vegetables Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 2
November 2011 | Durham, NC
This report shows the shift of fruit and vegetable preparation from rural households to the urban kitchen, and highlights the new skills and global standards required of workers and suppliers in developing countries to meet the needs of global supermarkets. Five countries are covered in this report: Honduras, Chile, Kenya, Morocco, and Jordan.
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The Apparel Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 3
November 2011 | Durham, NC
Export-processing zones in low-cost countries have become synonymous with globalization, but what is the next step for developing countries in apparel? Outlines the skills required to turn assembly lines into one-stop production centers that include design, logistics and brands. This report analyzes the industry in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Lesotho, and Nicaragua.
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The Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 4
November 2011 | Durham, NC
Developing countries around the world are competing to become the next Bangalore, but they need to take various steps to ensure their human capital can meet the exacting demands and professional certifications required by developed world clients. This report looks at the industry in Chile, India, and the Philippines.
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The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 5
November 2011 | Durham, NC
Global tourists are traveling further, faster and more frequently than ever before. This report indicates how developing countries can prepare their tourism workforce to provide the high levels of customer service expected by today’s sophisticated traveler. The tourism industry in Costa Rica, Jordan, and Vietnam are covered in this report.
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Meeting the Upgrading Challenge: Dynamic Workforces for Diversified Economies: Chapter 6
November 2011 | Durham, NC
This final chapter summarizes the key findings of the "Skills for Upgrading" research project in four thematic areas: upgrading, workforce skills, institutions and stakeholders, and global standards. We also offer a list of recommendations regarding workforce development strategies for donors and development practitioners to best prepare the workforce in developing countries to respond to the growing demands of global industries.
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Global Value Chain Analysis: A Primer
May 2011 | Durham, NC
The global economy is increasingly structured around global value chains (GVCs) that account for a rising share of international trade, global GDP and employment.
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Smart Grid: Core Firms in the Research Triangle Region, NC
May 2011 | Durham, NC
The Research Triangle is a smart grid hotspot, with specialized R&D centers, supportive government policies, and roughly 60 core firms whose capabilities stretch across the entire value chain.
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U.S. Smart Grid: Finding New Ways to Cut Carbon and Create Jobs
April 2011 | Durham, NC
Turning the electric power system into an "energy internet" can reduce CO2 emissions, stimulate technology innovation, expand the use of renewable energy, and create tens of thousands of U.S. jobs.
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The Multiple Pathways to Industrial Energy Efficiency: A Systems and Value Chain Approach
February 2011 | Durham, NC
In most companies, significant opportunities exist to improve energy efficiency, and many of them pay for themselves. However, organizational and financial barriers often prevent companies from capturing these savings. Closing this “efficiency gap” can have a big payoff for companies and society as a whole. To understand these barriers and identify strategies to overcome them, the report examines why and how product manufacturers adopt energy-efficiency improvements in their internal operations and supply chains. This report was sponsored by EDF's Energy Program.
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Strengthening Nicaragua's Position in the Textile-Apparel Value Chain: Upgrading in the Context of the CAFTA-DR Region
December 2010 | Durham, NC
This study examines the competitiveness of the textile-apparel sector in Nicaragua, with the objective of producing a diagnosis of the textile – apparel industry in Nicaragua and the United States, an assessment of the opportunities and obstacles to upgrading, and concrete proposals for steps to be taken in the short and medium term.
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Lithium-ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles: The U.S. Value Chain
October 2010 | Durham, NC
U.S. firms are racing against more established Asian firms to build a supply chain for the manufacture of batteries for electric vehicles. What's at stake is not just the batteries, but the U.S. position in the future auto industry.This report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), found 119 sites spread out across 27 states, that are all playing key roles across the value chain.
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Case Study: A123 Systems - Local Markets and Competitiveness, A Value Chain Analysis
October 2010 | Durham, NC
After years of manufacturing in China, advanced battery maker A123 Systems is also aggressively adding jobs in the United States, responding to federal incentives and a promising U.S. market for electric vehicle batteries.
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Case Study: Cree, Inc. Local Markets and Global Competitiveness: A Value Chain Analysis
October 2010 | Durham, NC
Cree is adding jobs in the United States, but also in China--where the main attraction is not low-cost labor, but rather a large market for LED lighting products.
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Agricultural Value Chains in the Mexicali Valley of Mexico
September 2010 | Durham, NC
This study identifies the producers and buyers of the major crops grown in the Mexicali Valley – cotton, wheat, alfalfa, asparagus, and green onions. The report also reviews the public commitments made by these economic actors to sustainable environmental practices in their corporate sustainability reports.
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Engineering Services in the Americas
July 2010 | Durham, NC
This report examines the demand for engineering services in the Americas by analyzing the supply and quality and cost of engineers in five key countries: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and the United States.
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The Global Apparel Value Chain, Trade And The Crisis : Challenges And Opportunities For Developing Countries
June 2010
This paper analyzes the recent evolution and impact of the global economic crisis on the apparel industry. This paper was commissioned by the World Bank.
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U.S. Manufacture of Rail Vehicles for Intercity Passenger Rail and Urban Transit: : A Value Chain Analysis
June 2010 | Durham, NC
This research was prepared by Duke CGGC on behalf of the Apollo Alliance with support from the Rockefeller Foundation and Surdna Foundation to help inform the Apollo Alliance's Transportation Manufacturing Action Plan by mapping out the U.S. value chain for manufacturing rail cars and parts for passenger trains. The report identifies a healthy domestic supply base of 249 U.S. manufacturing locations across 35 states, but also identifies gaps in domestic capabilities and areas in which U.S.-based firms should pursue higher-value activities such as design, engineering and systems integration.
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The Offshore Services Value Chain: Developing Countries and the Crisis
April 2010
This paper analyzes the recent evolution and impact of the global economic crisis on the offshore services industry. This paper was commissioned by the World Bank.
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Workforce Development in Chile's Offshore Services Value Chain
March 2010 | Durham, NC
This report is based on interviews with CEOs, Country Managers, HR executives and employees of 15 key companies in the offshore services sector in Chile. We present an overview of both the challenges and best practices in recruiting, training, interpersonal skills, technical training, English language skills, and their relationships with educational institutions. This report was commissioned by the Chilean Agency for Economic Development (CORFO).
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The Offshore Services Global Value Chain
March 2010 | Durham, NC
This report analyzes the evolving offshore services industry employing the Global Value Chain framework. Offshore services emerged as a dynamic global sector in the past two decades. Companies in their search for efficiencies and economies of scale began offshoring and outsourcing a variety of corporate functions. This report was commissioned by the Chilean Agency for Economic Development (CORFO).
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Chile's Offshore Services Value Chain
March 2010 | Durham, NC
This report analyzes the Chilean offshore services industry value chain. We provide in-depth analysis of the ITO, BPO and KPO segments, including both their current level of development and challenges for future growth. This is followed by a discussion of upgrading opportunities for vertical offshore industries in Chile. This report was commissioned by the Chilean Agency for Economic Development (CORFO).
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A Value Chain Analysis of Wild-Caught Shrimp in Sinaloa, Mexico
March 2010 | Durham, NC
This report illustrates the value chain of wild-caught shrimp landed in Sinaloa, Mexico and the environmental implications of fishing practices in the region. It highlights opportunities to link U.S. market interest for this product with development of environmentally sustainable fishing practices in the Gulf of California.
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U.S. Adoption of High-Efficiency Motors and Drives: Lessons Learned
February 2010 | Durham, NC
Motor systems used by manufacturing industries play a large role in national energy profiles. In the United States, industrial motor systems account for about 17% of total electricity use. U.S. adoption of more efficient motors and motor systems could save an estimated 62-104 billion kilowatt hours of electricity annually, at a cost savings of $3-5 billion. This research was prepared by Duke CGGC and sponsored by the Corporate Partnerships Program of the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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The Development and Diffusion of Powder Coatings in the United States and Europe
February 2010 | Durham, NC
Powder coatings eliminate VOCs released during industrial coating processes and offer additional environmental and economic benefits over petroleum-based coatings. The report traces the history of powder coatings in the United States and Europe, identifies the powder coating value chain structure, the ability of key players to affect the industry, and some challenges of the Chinese powder coating market.
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The Offshore Services Industry: A New Opportunity for Latin America
December 2009
Duke CGGC prepared a Policy Brief for the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in which the offshore services industry is presented as a new opportunity for Latin America. The Center was invited to present the main findings of the Policy Brief in the annual REDIBERO meeting, with the title, "La Promocion del Comercio y la Inversion en Iberoamerica ¿Podemos avanzar hacia la promocion regional?"
IADB Policy BriefPresentation (in Spanish)

Public Transit Buses: Chapter 12
October 2009 | Durham, NC
Buses represent 25,000 to 33,000 domestic jobs, many overlapping with the heavy truck industry. U.S. firms are leading the development of hybrid, all-electric and other "green" buses--the future of the industry. This topic is covered in-depth in this report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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Wind Power: Generating Electricity and Employment
September 2009 | Durham, NC
U.S. employment in wind power is estimated at 85,000 jobs and growing quickly, with opportunities to employ workers and capacity from other industries like automotive and aerospace. Opportunities to expand wind power in the United States are explored in this report; the 11th chapter in a series on Manufacturing Climate Solutions written by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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Residential Re-Insulation: Chapter 10
August 2009 | Durham, NC
With 46 million underinsulated homes in the United States, an expanding re-insulation market could save energy and create U.S. jobs for contractors, insulation installers, distributors, manufacturers, and material suppliers. This topic is explored in this report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) Manufacturing Climate Solutions series.
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Hybrid Drivetrains for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Trucks: Chapter 9
June 2009 | Durham, NC
The United States is well positioned to take the lead in hybrid commercial trucks, a new, fast- growing market that promises future U.S. jobs in truck manufacturing, advanced energy storage, electronics, and software. This report was prepared by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) as part of the Manufacturing Climate Solutions series.
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Carbon Capture and Storage: Chapter 8
May 2009 | Durham, NC
Chapter 8 of the Manufacturing Climate Solutions prepared by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) focuses on carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies. These technologies will allow the U.S. to continue using fossil fuel for power generation while also achieving national goals to reduce CO2 emissions. These billion dollar projects also present huge U.S.-based employment opportunities in fields ranging from R&D to manufacturing and construction.
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Recycling Industrial Waste Energy: Chapter 7
February 2009 | Durham, NC
Many industrial processes discard exhaust heat, combustible gases, and other "waste" energy. These highly recoverable resources can be harnessed to generate electricity, thus saving energy costs, reducing CO2 emissions, creating new jobs, and protecting existing jobs by increasing productivity and competitiveness. This report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) explores this topic.
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Heat Pump Water Heaters: Chapter 6
February 2009 | Durham, NC
Current residential heat pump water heater products are add-on units used in conjunction with conventional storage tanks and they are produced by a handful of very small U.S. companies. The recent introduction of ENERGY STAR water heater criteria appears to be incentivizing some larger appliance manufacturers to develop new heat pump water heater products that will be more widely available. If consumer interest in heat pump water heaters increases, the market would need to scale up significantly to meet greater demands, opening greater opportunities for U.S. component manufacturing in the value chain. This topic is explored in-depth in this report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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A Value Chain Analysis of the U.S. Beef & Dairy Industries
February 2009 | Durham, NC
Livestock farms are a major source of greenhouse gases. Certain practices in feeding and manure management can reduce these and other environmental impacts, but how do you encourage 967,440 U.S. farms, ranches and feedlots to adopt these best practices? In this report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), one finding is that the strongest leverage for effecting such change lies in the downstream players in the value chain.
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Super Soil Systems: Chapter 5
November 2008 | Durham, NC
Super Soil is not yet commercially available, but it is an example of a technology that could potentially be widely adopted. The adoption of this or similar technologies would involve manufacturing jobs producing large tanks. Additional manufacturing jobs would be needed to make the equipment, along with the associated requirements for steel, glass, concrete, and other materials, and construction jobs to build the facility. This new technology for treating hog waste could allow the United States to become a global market leader in a sector where, until now, no adequate alternative has been available. This report was prepared by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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Concentrating Solar Power: Clean Energy for the Electric Grid
November 2008 | Durham, NC
Concentrating solar power (CSP) represents a clean, powerful, endless, and reliable source of energy with the capacity to entirely satisfy the present and future electricity needs in the U.S. The new market for concentrating solar power plants has potential to create numerous U.S. manufacturing and construction jobs as U.S. companies grow and foreign firms come to the United States. This report was the fourth chapter in a series on Manufacturing Climate Solutions written by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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Auxiliary Power Units for Trucks: Chapter 3
November 2008 | Durham, NC
Integration of auxiliary power units into long-haul truck manufacturing in the near future will likely increase penetration rates dramatically, with a corresponding boost to manufacturing. Expanded production of APUs would create economic opportunity at all stages of the value chain by increasing purchases from material and component suppliers. Additional value chain opportunities will likely come when APU technology is integrated as a component in tractor manufacturing rather than being an aftermarket product.
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High-Performance Windows: Chapter 2
November 2008 | Durham, NC
This report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) explores high-performance window technologies. The U.S. industry faces new, more stringent efficiency criteria that may spur manufacturers to retool production lines and further innovate. Over the course of criteria changes, jobs may have to develop more efficient products. The ability of companies to respond to criteria changes may determine which companies will benefit and which will struggle to compete.
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LED Lighting: Chapter 1
November 2008 | Durham, NC
This report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) explores light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for lighting applications. LEDs are a semiconductor technology whose application to general-purpose lighting is rapidly growing, with significant potential for energy savings. The market for general-purpose LED lighting is currently very small, but it is growing rapidly as the technology improves and costs go down. Leading U.S. manufacturers find it crucial to ensure high quality and to protect their innovations--two good reasons to keep the manufacturing close to home.
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A Value Chain Analysis of the U.S. Pork Industry
October 2008 | Durham, NC
Over-use of antibiotics in hog production poses the risk of creating antibiotic-resistant bacteria, seriously threatening human health. Reducing antibiotic use, however, poses challenges to hog farmers. By analyzing the value chain, we can better understand the industry’s dynamics, preparing the way for further work to find ways of protecting public health that also make good business sense. This report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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A Value Chain Analysis of Selected California Crops
July 2008 | Durham, NC
California is the most diversified agricultural economy in the world, generating more agricultural value than many countries. In the value chains for two selected crops—grain corn and processed tomatoes—we identify the players positioned to encourage environmental best practices. This report was prepared by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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An Analysis of the U.S. Real Estate Value Chain with Environmental Metrics
April 2008 | Durham, NC
Recognizing that buildings account for 40% of U.S. energy consumption, EDF asked CGGC to analyze the U.S. real estate industry and find key firms that are well-positioned to innovative business practices to reduce building energy use. Among the report's key findings: (1) In the finance segment, there is greater leverage on the equity than the debt side. In other words, when it comes to working with building owners and developers, investors have greater influence than lenders. (2) The greatest energy-savings potential lies in companies that own and operate real estate, and firms that either invest in them or manage property for them. The report was prepared by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF). In the video, Marcy Lowe, discusses CGGC value chain analysis research on the U.S. real estate industry.
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Media

Chinese steel: Talking trade policy with Duke University expert Lukas Brun
September 09, 2016 | Roger DuPuis, Lukas Brun | Central Penn Business Journal
Duke researcher Lukas Brun is interviewed about how U.S. and international officials should engage China on questions related to its steel industry.
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G-20 Leaders Back Forum To Address Steel Overcapacity
September 09, 2016 | Engineering News-Record
News story related to the G20 and China’s steel production quotes Duke CGGC research and highlights the study’s statistics.
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How China is exporting unemployment
September 08, 2016 | Scott Paul | CNBC
CNBC contributor references Duke CGGC study on China’s steel production.
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Here’s How America Can Solve Its Steel Crisis
September 05, 2016 | Leo Gerard | Huffington Post
Duke CGGC’s study entitled “Overcapacity in Steel, China’s Role in a Global Problem” is highlighted in a post about the economic ramifications of China’s steel production.
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New Book on Labour in GVCs in Asia
August 26, 2016 | Cambridge University Press | Book Release
Cambridge University Press recently released a new book in the Development Trajectories in Global Value Chains series on labor in Asia. The book includes a set of studies on labor conditions in GVCs in a variety of sectors across several countries in Asia, including Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.
View Book Flyer

Interview with Ghada Ahmed: The Perks & Pitfalls of Wheat Production in Morocco
June 20, 2016 | Myriam Ait Malk | Morocco World News
Question and answer interview with Duke CGGC researcher Ghada Ahmed based on the research brief entitled “Moroccan Food Security and the Wheat Value Chain.”
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PH poised to become innovation hub
June 03, 2016 | Amy R. Reno | Business Inquirer Philippines
Duke CGGC researcher Karina Fernandez-Stark is quoted in a story about the innovation potential for the Philippines.
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Study finds strong global potential in five PH industries
June 03, 2016 | Bernie Magkilat | Manila Bulletin
Story recapping Duke CGGC’s five GVC studies of different industries in the Philippines.
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DTI may prod mergers of electronics, aerospace, auto firms
June 02, 2016 | Roy Stephen C. Canivel | Business World Philippines
This article highlights the impact Duke CGGC’s studies may have on the trade department in the Philippines.
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DTI-BOI advises 5 sectors to join global value chains
June 02, 2016 | Catherine Pillas | Business Mirror
Article summarizing Duke CGGC’s research of five different sectors in the Philippines.
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Free zone firms must bring value to each other
May 12, 2016 | Trade Arabia News Service | Trade Arabia
Professor Gary Gereffi is quoted in a story recapping a panel he moderated at the World Free Zone Organization’s second annual international conference and exhibition in Dubai.
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Experts highlight importance of efficient processes in freezones
May 11, 2016 | Rohma Sadaqat | Khaleej Times
Professor Gary Gereffi is quoted during a panel discussion at the World Free Zones Organization Conference held in Dubai.
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How North Carolina’s bathroom law sparked a business backlash
April 28, 2016 | PBS Newshour
CGGC's Lukas Brun participated in this PBS Newshour on the impact of HB2 on the furniture market in North Carolina.
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Il ritorno del prof. americano della Duke University che studia l'arte orafa valenzana
April 15, 2016 | Piero Bottino | La Stampa
Feature on Professor Gary Gereffi’s research in Italy.
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Gary Gereffi in visita alle aziende orafe per un progetto di ricerca
April 14, 2016 | Alessandria News
Story recapping a tour organized by the Confindustria Alessandria Group Companies (jewelry companies) for Gary Gereffi.
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Gioielli, dagli Usa un progetto di ricerca su Valenza
April 13, 2016 | Chiara Di Martino | Preziosa Magazine
Feature on Gary Gereffi's research on the jewelry business in Italy and the evolution of its global supply chain.
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A indústria retrocede em uma reação em cadeia
April 08, 2016 | Carlos Drummond | Carta Capital
This article references the Brazil in global value chains report.
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These 25 Companies Are More Powerful Than Many Countries
March 15, 2016 | Parag Khanna | Foreign Policy
In an article demonstrating the power of companies, Foreign Policy highlights Gary Gereffi’s analysis and the role of global value chains.
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Obama’s Budget Seeks to Ease Economic Fears for U.S. Workers
February 09, 2016 | Noah Scheiber | New York Times
This article in the NY Times references Duke CGGC's report for AAM on "Infrastructure Investment Creates American Jobs."
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Establishment of the Regional Competitiveness and Growth Center
November 18, 2015 | National Analytical Center News
Gary Gereffi, Director of Duke CGGC, and Mike Hensen, Assistant Director of Duke CGGC, attended the RCGC launch event in Kazakhstan.
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Industry And Academia Meet At MfgCon2015 In Raleigh, NC
October 21, 2015 | Lukas Brun | Duke SSRI News
The inaugural manufacturing innovation conference, named mfgCON 2015, took place in Raleigh, NC on October 20-21. As part of the conference, Lukas Brun, senior research analyst at SSRI affiliate the Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness (CGGC) presented yesterday on North Carolina in the Global Economy.
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New reports show how hot North Carolina\'s solar-power industry has gotten
March 04, 2015 | John Downey | Charlotte Business Journal
A spate of recent reports paint a glowing picture of North Carolina\'s burgeoning solar industry.
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Can global value chain PPPs reach the poor? Latest lessons learned
February 27, 2015 | Adva Saldinger | Devex Impact
Global value chains are ripe with partnership opportunities between governments, donors and businesses. While they often result in economic benefits, it’s time to take a look at how those gains are distributed — and whether they impact the poor.
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Report: N.C. a shining light for solar industry
February 20, 2015 | Jason deBruyn | Charlotte Business Journal
North Carolina, which had almost no large-scale solar energy seven years ago, now ranks first in the Southeast and fourth in the nation in solar energy capacity, according to a new report from Duke University.
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N.C. ranks No. 1 in South for solar energy capacity
February 20, 2015 | Jason deBruyn | Charlotte Business Journal
North Carolina, which had almost no large-scale solar energy seven years ago, now ranks first in the Southeast and fourth in the nation in solar energy capacity, according to a new report from Duke University.
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North Carolina\'s Future Looks Bright With Solar Energy
February 19, 2015 | Duke SSRI News
\"North Carolina is in an enviable position when it comes to solar power development,” said the report’s lead author, Lukas Brun, senior research analyst at Duke’s Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness (CGGC). “From being virtually non-existent in 2008, it is today the South’s leader in solar power. The result has been a growth in companies and employment in the industry, providing wide-spread benefits to the state.\"
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N.C. leads South in solar energy capacity, study finds
February 19, 2015 | B.J. Drye | The Stanly News & Press
North Carolina, which had almost no large-scale solar energy seven years ago, now ranks first in the Southeast and fourth in the nation in solar energy capacity, says a new report from Duke University.
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Report and Joint Initiative Boost New Drive in Fostering Manufacturing Capabilities
November 10, 2014 | Oliver Cann | World Economic Forum

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The Tangible Case for Infrastructure Investment
October 21, 2014 | Scott Paul | Huffington Post
This article cites research conducted by CGGC researchers on U.S. transportation infrastructure.
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How piecemeal approach to fixing transportation infrastructure may have cost America almost 1M jobs
October 16, 2014 | Jason deBruyn | Triangle Business Journal
A federal piecemeal approach to rebuilding America’s lagging transportation infrastructure has cost this country more than 900,000 jobs, according to Duke University social science researchers.
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Infrastructure Investment Creates American Jobs
October 15, 2014 | Lukas Brun, Jason Jolley, Andrew Hull, Stacey Frederick | Alliance for American Manufacturing Press Release
A piecemeal federal policy approach to investing in the nation’s decaying transportation infrastructure has cost America over 900,000 jobs – specifically, more than 97,000 manufacturing jobs – and is creating a significant drag on the economy.
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No Reason to Wait: Rebuild Now to Save American Competitiveness
October 15, 2014 | Alliance for American Manufacturing Press Release
Washington, D.C.-- Washington’s piecemeal approach to investing in the nation’s decaying transportation infrastructure costs the United States over 900,000 jobs – more than 97,000 in manufacturing – and makes the United States less competitive than its top trading partners, according to a new report by the Duke University’s Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness (CGGC).
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DC Briefing: North Carolina in the Global Economy
September 12, 2014 | Office of Federal Relations
Staff from North Carolina Congressional offices, representatives from Governor Pat McCrory’s Washington office, and individuals representing North Carolina-focused businesses gathered in a Capitol Hill meeting room on Friday morning to learn more about the North Carolina in the Global Economy (NCGE) project, a Duke-created website that provides information and insight into North Carolina’s traditional and emerging industries. Dr. Gary Gereffi, professor of sociology and director of the Center on Globalization, Governance, and Competitiveness at Duke, heads up the project and led Friday’s presentation.
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Gereffi Leads DC Briefing On North Carolina In The Global Economy
September 12, 2014 | SSRI News
Staff from North Carolina Congressional offices, representatives from Governor Pat McCrory’s Washington office, and individuals representing North Carolina-focused businesses gathered in a Capitol Hill meeting room on Friday morning to learn more about the North Carolina in the Global Economy (NCGE) project, a Duke-created website that provides information and insight into North Carolina’s traditional and emerging industries. Gary Gereffi, professor of sociology and director of the Center on Globalization, Governance, and Competitiveness at Duke, heads up the project and led Friday’s presentation.
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The State's Changing Economy
May 05, 2014 | Steve Hartsoe | Duke Today
Studying NC In Global Economy Expands Perspectives, Students in Bass Connections class conduct research used by state officials, others to better understand economy and trends
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Panel To Discuss State Of NC Economy
April 17, 2014 | Duke SSRI News
How seven key North Carolina industries have adapted to major changes in the U.S. and the global economy over the past several years was the focus of a panel discussion organized by Duke CGGC. During the event, Duke CGGC also introduced an updated version of their NC in the Global Economy website.
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Global Research, Domestic Benefits
January 14, 2014 | David Jarmul | Duke Today
Experts in diverse fields collaborate regularly with colleagues in the developing world
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High Point economic impact mostly from furniture sales
November 25, 2013 | Larry Thomas, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | Furniture Today
The recently completed economic impact study of the High Point Market already has received considerable attention - notably the headline-grabbing estimate of $5.39 billion in economic activity generated annually by the market.
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The Mighty Market
November 10, 2013 | Doug Clark | Greensboro News & Record

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Duke report to secure High Point Market funding
October 29, 2013 | Zaynah Alam, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | The Chronicle
Lukas Brun, senior research analyst at the DCGGC, presented a full executive summary on the economic impact of High Point Market at a press conference.
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Furniture Market hopes to build on
October 25, 2013 | Jonnelle Davis, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | News & Record
But are hopes just as high for the fall High Point Market? ... The High Point Market Authority paid Duke University $50,000 to conduct the study, which analyzed spending.
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High Point fall furniture market in full swing
October 21, 2013 | Amanda McKenzie, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | News 14
The fall furniture market is in full swing in High Point. The event began Saturday and thousands of buyers have have already descended on the showrooms, looking to add to their collections. Attendance is usually around 75,000 and while some furniture executives say they were worried that the government shutdown could have had a negative effect, so far the week-long event has gone off without a hitch.
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How High Point's furniture market gleams in NC
October 21, 2013 | Lukas Brun, T William Lester | News & Observer
To our visitors this week we say, “Welcome to High Point!” Surely many local folks already have greeted High Point Market visitors – and there are plenty of good reasons for that. But this market there are even more, about 37,616 or them to be precise.
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Research On High Point Market Shows Huge Economic Impact On Wide Area
October 18, 2013 | Lukas Brun, T William Lester | SGRToday
A Duke University economic study has concluded the High Point Market contributes $5.4 billion in economic impact to the overall regional economy, over 37,000 jobs and $198 million in North Carolina local and state taxes and fees.
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High Point Market contributes $5.39 billion to regional economy, study finds
October 11, 2013 | Zaynah Alam, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | The Chronicle
A recent study conducted by Duke’s Center on Globalization, Governance and Competitiveness found that High Point Market, a semi-annual furniture expo in High Point, N.C., contributes $5.39 billion and over 37,000 jobs to the regional economy.
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Duke study: High Point Market economic impact far higher
October 11, 2013 | Lukas Brun, T William Lester | BedTimes
A recent Duke University study has found that the regional economic impact generated by the High Point Market is nearly 3 ½ times greater than previous estimates. The study, commissioned by the High Point Market Authority, values the annual impact of the market at $5.39 billion. Previous estimates placed the value of the market to the region at $1.5 billion annually.
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Duke study puts market impact at $5.4 billion
October 04, 2013 | Pat Kimbrough, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | High Point Enterprise
The High Point Market far and away remains North Carolina’s single-largest economic event, according to a summary of the findings of a Duke University study released Wednesday. The market contributes $5.4 billion in economic impact, more than 37,000 jobs and $198 million in local and state taxes and fees, researchers with the Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness found.
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Duke study: High Point Market has mercantile impact of $5.4B
October 04, 2013 | Lukas Brun, T William Lester | North Carolina News
The High Point Market Authority says a new investigate shows it has an mercantile impact of $5.4 billion.
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Duke study: High Point Market has economic impact of $5.4B
October 03, 2013 | Katie Arcieri | Triangle Business Journal
The High Point Market Authority says the findings of a new study by Duke University show the twice-yearly High Point Market has an economic impact of $5.4 billion and creates more than 37,000 jobs.
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Furniture market impact tops $5 billion, Duke study says
October 02, 2013 | Doug Clark, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | News & Record; Blog: Clark: Off the Record
The economic impact of the High Point furniture market exceeds $5 billion, according to a new study by Duke University's Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness. ... High Point Market.
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High Point Market Press Releases
October 02, 2013 | Lukas Brun, T William Lester | Press Center - High Point Market
High Point Furniture Market – Summary of Total Economic Impact ... at Duke CGGC, who was the project manager for the High Point Market ...
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Duke study: High Point Market economic impact $5.39 billion
October 02, 2013 | Richard Craver, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | Winston-Salem Journal
A Duke University study released Wednesday estimates the annual economic impact of the High Point Market at $5.39 billion, more than 3½ times the amount calculated in earlier studies.
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CGGC Studies The Economic Impact Of The High Point Market
October 02, 2013 | Lukas Brun, T William Lester | SSRI
The High Point Market Authority (HPMA) today released the overall findings of a Duke University study of the Economic Impact of the High Point Market.
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Study: High Point Market has economic impact of $5.4B
October 02, 2013 | Katie Arcieri, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | Bizjournals
The High Point Market Authority says the findings of a new study by Duke University show the twice-yearly High Point Market has an economic impact of $5.4 billion and creates more than 37,000 jobs.
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High Point Market worth $5.4 billion to region
October 02, 2013 | Cindy W. Hodnett, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | Furniture Today
— There are no ifs, ands or buts about it - the High Point Market is a key component in the economic machinery of North Carolina. In a release issued today by the High Point Market Authority, Duke University's Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness states that the market contributes $5.4 billion in economic impact to the overall regional economy, more than 37,000 in jobs and $198 million in North Carolina local and state taxes and fees. The $5.4 billion total output is approximately equivalent to 1.3% of the total gross state product of North Carolina, according to the report.
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Duke study finds High Point Market worth $5.4 billion to region
October 02, 2013 | Casual Living Staff, Lukas Brun, T William Lester | Casual Living
The High Point Market contributes $5.4 billion in economic impact to the overall regional economy, more than 37,000 jobs and $198 million in North Carolina local and state taxes and fees, according to a Duke University study released today.
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Duke to study economic impact of High Point furniture market
September 13, 2013 | Richard Craver | News & Record
The High Point Market Authority’s board of directors awarded Wednesday a $50,000 contract to Duke University to study the trade show’s economic impact and measure it against domestic and international furniture shows.
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Costa Rica debe optar por investigación y desarrollo para perfeccionar la cadena de valor
August 07, 2013 | Gilda González Sandoval,STACEY FREDERICK, JENNIFER BAIR, GARY GEREFFI | El Financiero newspaper
Es la conclusión del Centro de Globalización, Gobernanza y Competitividad, de la Universidad de Duke, Estados Unidos, en un estudio realizado para el Ministerio de Comercio Exterior (Comex).
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Fourth Global Review of Aid for Trade: “Connecting to value chains”
July 08, 2013 | WTO

Gary Gereffi hosting the Panel at WTO Aid for Trade, July 2013The 4th Global Review was underpinned by an extensive monitoring exercise by the OECD and WTO, together with Grow Africa, the International Chamber of Commerce, the International Trade Centre, the International Telecommunications Union and the World Tourism Organization. Results from this monitoring exercise informed debate at the Review meeting.

 

 

 


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Duke to study economic impact of furniture market
April 24, 2013 | Lukas Brun, T William Lester | FOX8
The High Point Market Authority’s board of directors has awarded a $50,000 contract to Duke University to study the trade show’s economic impact and measure it against domestic and international furniture shows, the Winston-Salem Journal reports.
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Women's Untapped Potential: Examining Gender Dynamics in Global Trade
April 09, 2013 | Cornelia Staritz, co-authors: Penny Bamber, Julia Oliver | the World Bank's The Trade Post blog
Introducing the report :Global Value Chains, Economic Upgrading and Gender
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Coal Use Rising Internationally, Environmentalists Must Shape Its Course
March 27, 2013 | Dan Vermeer, Josh Seidenfeld | The Energy Collective

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Ganamos prestigio en industria médica
March 25, 2013 | Fabio Parreaguirre | La Republica
Interview with Gary Gereffi for the Life Sciences Forum Costa Rica 2013.
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Progress Enterprise: Ships Could Start Here
January 30, 2013 | Adam Jacobs, Gary Gereffi, Lukas Brun, Shawn Stokes, Andrew Guinn | South Shore Now
There is a simple reason why Irving should bring subcontracts of its national shipbuilding contract to Lunenburg. Mr. Kinley was speaking to the media shortly after Premier Darrell Dexter announced the results of Duke University’s (Durham, North Carolina) Centre on Globalization, Governance and Competitiveness study, which suggests Nova Scotia should be at the centre of Canada’s shipbuilding future.
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Sydney companies mentioned in shipbuilding report
January 29, 2013 | Ryan Van Horne,Gary Gereffi, Lukas Brun, Shawn Stokes, Andrew Guinn | Cape Breton Post
HALIFAX — The owner of a Sydney company touted in a Duke University report on Nova Scotia’s shipbuilding capability says the mention is a feather in his company’s cap.
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Ships contract creates opportunities offshore
January 25, 2013 | Remo Zaccagna,Gary Gereffi, Lukas Brun, Shawn Stokes, Andrew Guinn | The Chronicle Herald
Report author stresses potential for firms with nautical expertise to find markets elsewhere.
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NS must become centre of shipbuilding excellence, study says
January 24, 2013 | BEVERLEY WARE,Gary Gereffi, Lukas Brun, Shawn Stokes, Andrew Guinn | The Chronicle Herald
... companies over the next little while,” Dexter said of the study, conducted by Duke University's Center on Globalization, Governance and Competitiveness.
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Shipbuilding contracts should lead to 30 years of opportunity
January 24, 2013 | Gary Gereffi, Lukas Brun, Shawn Stokes, Andrew Guinn | NG News
Duke University's Centre on Globalization, Governance and Competitiveness in Durham, NC, prepared the study, which shows how local companies could become ...
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The value beyond ships
January 24, 2013 | Gary Gereffi, Lukas Brun, Shawn Stokes, Andrew Guinn | The Chronicle Herald Editorial
SHIPS Start Here doesn’t stop with ships. And the local opportunity to be reaped from the $33-billion worth of ships Ottawa will be building over the next 30 years isn’t limited to the patrol ships and frigates that Irving Shipbuilding Inc. will be building in Halifax. That’s the message Nova Scotia businesses should draw from the Shipbuilding Value Chains analysis the province commissioned from Duke University researchers and released Thursday in Lunenburg.
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Charting a Course for 30 Years of Work
January 24, 2013 | Nova Scotia - Social Media Release
The province is helping Nova Scotians get ready to make the most of the federal shipbuilding contracts that will bring 30 years of opportunities and good jobs. Premier Darrell Dexter released an analysis of the range of activities needed to create, produce, deliver and maintain the arctic offshore patrol ships, polar icebreaker, and research vessels.
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Geosynthetics Industry Poised to Grow as Gulf Coast Restoration Ramps Up
July 26, 2012 | Elizabeth Skree | EDF
What are geosynthetics and why are they central to the creation of jobs and expansion of coastal restoration projects?
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New Tool for Cities Hopping on Bus Rapid Transit
July 10, 2012 | Duke University’s Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness (CGGC) | Press Release
Cash-strapped cities can provide high-quality public transit relatively quickly and affordably by creating “bus rapid transit (BRT),” said researchers at Duke University’s Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness (CGGC).
Press Release

RESTORE Act creates jobs along ailing Gulf Coast
June 11, 2012 | Zoe Sullivan | The Louisiana Weekly
Greater New Orleans, Inc. (GNO, Inc.), released a study last week on the job opportunities in wetlands restoration. The study, commissioned by the Walton Family Foundation and conducted by Mather Economics, found that the potential positive impact of RESTORE Act funding would be substantial. The RESTORE Act is an amendment attached the transportation bill currently being discussed in conference committees between the U.S. House and Senate. The Act would create a trust for Clean Air and Water Act fines levied against BP and others for the damage to the environment caused by the 2010 BP oil disaster.
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RESTORE fines focused on Oyster Reef restoration will jumpstart Gulf economy, create jobs
June 08, 2012 | Peter Schorsch | SaintPetersBlog
After a comprehensive investigation into the hiring potential of 130 nationwide firms involved in the oyster reef restoration industry, the Duke University Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness today released a report, "RESTORING GULF OYSTER REEFS: Opportunities for Innovation," finding that oyster reef restoration projects could provide quadruple economic returns for the Gulf Coast states.
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Duke University Bus Rapid Transit seminar focuses on building the industry
March 15, 2012 | Metro Magazine
Experts from industry and the bus rapid transit (BRT) research community gathered at Duke University on March 8 for a one-day working meeting hosted by the Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness (CGGC). Participants in “BRT in the United States: Building a Business Constituency,” will focus on how to build a bus rapid transit industry as an assertive constituency, similar to those for light rail and high-speed rail.
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Is North Carolina's Research Triangle the Smart Grid's Silicon Valley?
March 14, 2012 | Clean Technica
Silicon Valley has traditionally been the epicenter of American smart grid technology innovation, but a new report suggests North Carolina's Research Triangle may deserve the title and be key to the industry's economic future.
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RESTORE Act Fines Could Provide Job Opportunities in the Gulf Coast, 32 Other States
December 05, 2011 | Restore the Mississippi River Delta
The Clean Water Act penalties from last year’s BP oil disaster could kick start the launch of a long-term investment in ecosystem restoration and create jobs that would benefit at least 140 businesses with nearly 400 employee locations in 37 states, including more than 260 in the Gulf Coast and nearly 60 in Florida, according to a new Duke University study.
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Spend Oil Spill Fines on Restoration
December 05, 2011 | WCTV News
With Congressional hearings slated for Wednesday and litigation moving forward, a leading environmental group on Monday urged federal lawmakers to use expected fines from the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill on restoration efforts that will translate into jobs and economic growth.
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Federal RESTORE Act would generate many jobs for Florida businesses
December 05, 2011 | WTSP News
A lot of jobs are on the line as Congress prepares to vote on a bill that would set aside the cash BP will eventually pay in fines for last year's oil spill. That's according to a new report from the Environmental Defense Fund. The report also concludes those fines could help launch an entire new industry focusing on coastal restoration.
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Targeting oil spill fines to ecosystem restoration could be big job generator, report says
December 05, 2011 | Bruce Alpert | nola.com
A report by Duke University says legislation that would target Clean Water Act penalties from the BP oil spill to ecosystem restoration could be a big job generator, including for firms facing cuts in oil and gas industry work.
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The US Smart Grid: Jobs through Innovation
July 27, 2011 | Penn Energy
This article by Penn Energy draws on the central findings of CGGC's U.S. Smart Grid report.
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Nurturing a smarter electric grid
May 28, 2011 | Marcy Lowe | Raleigh News and Observer
If you live in the Triangle, you may know that Forbes magazine named tech-savvy Raleigh as America's "most wired" city. Did you know we're also a hot spot for the "smart grid"?
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Triangle emerges as 'smart grid' hub, Duke report says
April 19, 2011 | WRAL Tech Wire
A new report from Duke University documents just how important Raleigh, the Triangle and North Carolina have become to the nation’s growing “smart grid” industry.
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Advancing U.S. Competitiveness Means Retooling the Work Force
January 31, 2011 | Marcy Lowe | Atlanta Journal Constitution
What are the implications of a national commitment to invest in our infrastructure and in clean energy to ensure that our country creates the world's best innovators?
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If high-speed rail blossoms, big profits ahead for state firms
June 28, 2010 | Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Pennsylvania is poised to reap big economic benefits from the push for a national high-speed passenger rail system, according to a study. The Duke University study said Pennsylvania has the second-most rail manufacturing facilities in the U.S., 26 of them, at a time when the industry expects to grow as a high-speed system takes shape.
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Passenger rail-car supply industry has growth potential
June 25, 2010 | ProgressiveRailroading.com
The U.S. passenger rail-car supply industry could experience considerable growth in the coming years as Amtrak upgrades its cars and adds high-speed trains, and as lawmakers consider a transportation bill that calls for greater investments in public transit.
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Several states to benefit economically if U.S. invests in public transit
June 24, 2010 | Humanitarian News
CGGC analysis of U.S. rail manufacturing capabilities shows that U.S. rail supply chain includes 247 manufacturing facilities across 35 states.
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Public Transportation, Jobs, and a Clean Energy Economy
January 14, 2010 | Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) Article

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Duke study: U.S. positioned to lead hybrid commercial truck industry
June 12, 2009 | Andrea Fereshteh | Duke Today

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Work Visa Numbers Get Squishy
April 01, 2009 | Wall Street Journal
Research conducted at Duke University contributes to study that shows both sides in the debate over employee immigration policies misuse data to advance their positions on the issue.
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Is the U.S. Experiencing its First Brain Drain?
March 31, 2009 | Vivek Wadhwa | New America Media
The United States has long served as a magnet for the world's talented scientists, engineers and mathematicians. But, this trend may now be reversing and the United States may be experiencing the first brain drain in its history.
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Duke Study Pinpoints Potential 'Green-Collar' Job Growth in U.S.
November 18, 2008 | Marcy Lowe | Duke Today
An article in the Raleigh News & Observer about the new report from the Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness, called Manufacturing Climate Solutions, which presents a new research approach linking U.S. jobs with selected low-carbon technologies that can help combat global warming.
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What Google Earth Doesn't Show You
May 21, 2008 | The Independent
Local newspaper, The Independent, covers how the North Carolina in the Global Economy project utilizes Google Earth and Google Maps to display the changes in key industries in North Carolina.
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Time for More Than Talk on Conservation
February 24, 2008 | Gary Gereffi | Raleigh News & Observer
Gary Gereffi discusses North Carolina\'s place in the \"global economy.\"
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CGGC: Globalization Gets Real
October 14, 2007 | Gist from the Mill
An interview with Gary Gereffi on globalization.
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How Getting Chummy with China Helps North Carolina
September 20, 2007 | Gary Gereffi | Raleigh News & Observer
An op-ed by Gary Gereffi in the Raleigh News & Observer based on testimony he gave to the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission on September 6, 2007.
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American Consumers to Blame for Huge Trade Deficit with China
February 08, 2007 | Gary Gereffi | Raleigh News & Observer
An article by Gary Gereffi in the Baltimore Sun. This op ed also appeared in the Raleigh News & Observer on February 9, 2007 under the heading, “Whose goods are these?”
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Merging Economic Sociology, Public Sociology, and the Global Economy: CGGC at Duke University
March 01, 2006 | Economic Sociology Newsletter of the American Sociological Association
CGGC is featured in the Spring 2006 Economic Sociology Newsletter of the American Sociological Association.
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Wal-Mart Research
November 16, 2004 | PBS Frontline
This project examines the rise of Wal-Mart and other global retailers and their diverse impact on national and international economies, as well as global commodity chains.
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Publications

Promoting Decent Work in Global Supply Chains (GSCs) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC): Key Issues, Good Practices, Lessons Learned and Policy Insights
2016-07-26 | Gary Gereffi, Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark | ILO Americas Technical Reports, 2016/1
The report, prepared by Dr. Gereffi, Penny Bamber and Karina Fernandez-Stark for the International Labour Organisation (ILO), uses a case-based approach to analyze circumstances under which both economic and social upgrading have been achieved simultaneously. The report is based on a desk-based review, drawing upon existing studies of GSCs to examine their impacts and implications for the development of domestic firms and workers, their contribution to productive transformation and structural change and their impacts on the quantity and quality of jobs in the LAC region.
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Connecting to the World Market through Regional Value Chains: Partnership Opportunities in Coconut Value Chain for the Small Caribbean Economies
2016-07-15 | Ajmal Abdulsamad | Report prepared for the International Trade Center (ITC)
This report presents the advantages of a regional approach and the opportunities of public-private collaboration in connecting the small Caribbean economies to the global market. Findings from this research will inform the strategy of a multi-year program, “Coconut Industry Development for the Caribbean,” funded by the European Union and jointly implemented by the International Trade Center (ITC) and the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI). The report covers nine Caribbean countries: the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Guyana, Belize, Suriname, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and Dominica.
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China’s Greatest Legacy was to create a Model of Inclusive Development
2016-06-01 | Gary Gereffi | Integration and Trade Journal,
Gereffi provided an interview for the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) Integration and Trade Journal on industrial development in China with lessons Latin America can learn from China. It is available in English and Spanish.
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Stitches to Riches?: Apparel Employment, Trade, and Economic Development in South Asia
2016-03-23 | Gladys Lopez-Acevedo, Raymond Robertson, Stacey Frederick, Atisha Kumar | Washington, DC: World Bank: Chapter 2, Benchmarking South Asia in the Global Apparel Industry, p. 39-76; Chapter 5, Policies to Foster Apparel Exports and Jobs, p. 143-177
CGGC's Stacey Frederick authored chapters 2 and 5 in this World Bank book on the apparel industry. The book is motivated by South Asia's need to create more and better jobs for a growing population; it investigates the region's potential for expanding and improving jobs in the labor-intensive apparel sector. It estimates the effects of rising wages in China on apparel exports, employment, and wages in South Asia, and provides policy recommendations to leverage the sector for greater job creation.
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Global value chains and upgrading: Export promotion in FTZs
2016-03-15 | Gary Gereffi | World FZO Bulletin
This article highlights the case study of Costa Rica\'s medical devices sector based on Duke CGGC\'s 2013 report for Costa Rica. This issue of the World FZO Bulletin was distributed to all conference participants at the World FZO conference held in Dubai, May 9-11, 2016.
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Syria Wheat Value Chain and Food Security
2016-03-12 | Ghada Ahmed | Duke MINERVA Research Brief
This research brief discusses the wheat value chain in Syria and points of disruptions in the chain leading to acute food insecurity in the nation.
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Moroccan Food Security and the Wheat Value Chain
2016-01-21 | Gabriel Arrisueño, Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick, Sona Nahapetyan | Duke MINERVA Research Brief
Morocco\'s high dependence on food imports exposes it to international price volatility which puts its food security at risk. This brief examines food security challenges in Morocco, policy responses, the wheat value chain, and the potential for disruptions in the chain, and suggests several policy action areas to address these challenges.
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Bahrain’s Position in the Global Apparel Value Chain: How the U.S.-Bahrain FTA and TPLs Shape Future Development Options
2015-11-18 | Jennifer Bair, Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi | Report prepared for the Embassy of Bahrain, Washington, DC
This report analyzes the situation and potential future outcomes of Bahrain’s apparel industry in light of the upcoming TPL expiration in July 2016.
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Review of Ecuador’s Agri-Industries Global Value Chains: Bottlenecks and Roadmap for Implementation
2015-09-01 | Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick | Background Study for Ecuador’s Country Economic Memorandum
This report was prepared as a background paper to the World Bank Ecuador Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) which was released on March 6th, 2016. The Ecuador Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) is the result of a team effort of the Ecuador Country Team, members from several Global Practices and the IFC.
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Regional Trade Agreements and Export Competitiveness: the Uncertain Path of Nicaragua’s Apparel Exports under CAFTA
2015-06-28 | Stacey Frederick, Jennifer Bair, Gary Gereffi | Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economies and Societies

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Comparing Russia’s and Ukraine’s Wheat GVC
2015-05-02 | Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick, Drew Haerer, Gary Gereffi, Lincoln Pratson | Duke MINERVA Research Brief

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Role of Private Firms in the Egyptian Maize Value Chain
2015-05-01 | Marie Veyrier, Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick | Duke MINERVA Research Brief
Maize impacts both caloric intake and diet quality of the Egyptian population. Such importance is mostly driven by a shift in diets. The private sector, which relies on imports to cater to its maize needs, is the lead actor of the maize value chain. This brief first analyzes the importance of maize to Egypt’s food security. In a global context where maize prices are high and volatile, this brief describes the strategies adopted by Egyptian lead firms to secure supply and meet growing demand. Such strategies range from diversification to vertical integration and upgrading.
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Quantifying the Value of Place-based Exchange within a Global Production Network
2015-03-30 | William Lester, Lukas Brun | Regions 297
The household furniture industry in central North Carolina provided a critical manufacturing base for the American South in the early twentieth century and ultimately encompassed a network of firms throughout the Southeastern United States. At its zenith in the 1980's, the household furniture industry employed over 90,000 workers in North Carolina.
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Nanotechnology in Society: An Overview
2015-02-20 | Christine Shearer, Jennifer Rogers-Brown, Stacey Frederick | California Research Bureau, Short Subject
This Short Subject provides an introduction to nanotechnology, its potential risks and applications, and current regulation in the United States and California. "Nano" refers to particles and effects scaled at billionths of a meter. Emerging applications hold great promise in many areas, including new ways to treat cancer.
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The Future of Manufacturing: Driving Capabilities, Enabling Investments
2014-11-01 | Gary Gereffi, Stacey Frederick | Report by the World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Agenda Council on the Future of Manufacturing and UNIDO
This report focuses on an analysis of trends in global manufacturing, mostly from a value chain perspective, and represents a joint effort between the WEF Global Agenda Council on the Future of Manufacturing and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). It emphasizes that future developments in global manufacturing are increasingly relying upon the development of capabilities related to innovation, labour and infrastructures. Developed countries have experienced a substantial decline in manufacturing employment, but this trend has also been counterbalanced by improvements in manufacturing capabilities. While developed countries remain among the most competitive, as noted by UNIDO’s Competitive Industrial Performance Index, many developing countries have substantially improved their industrial competitiveness. An overview of the apparel industry stresses the fact that value chains can be upgraded to help manufacturing actors develop their capabilities.
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Combining the Global Value Chain and Global I-O Approaches
2014-09-29 | Stacey Frederick | Discussion Paper, International Conference on the Measurement of International Trade and Economic Globalization
This discussion paper describes the existing gap between the work of GVC academics and that of economists, international NGOs and statistical agencies analyzing global production fragmentation. The purpose is to explore how these two approaches can be combined. GVC studies compare or describe an industry- or product-specific value chain across countries and regions.
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Hubs and Communities: A Structural Analysis of MENA’s Wheat Network
2014-09-28 | Jonathan Morgan, Jack Daly, Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick, Andrew Guinn, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Annelies Goger, Gary Gereffi, Lincoln Pratson | Duke MINERVA Research Brief

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Changing Food Systems and Inequality: Implications for Food Security and Public Policy
2014-09-15 | Andrew Guinn, Danny Hamrick | Report prepared for the European Union and Oxfam
The report looks at food systems, public policy, and inequality in four BRICSAM countries: Brazil, India, Mexico, and South Africa.
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North Carolina's Manufacturing Wage Gap
2014-09-03 | Gary Gereffi, Aaron Sydor | CGGC Research Brief

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Inclusive Value Chain Interventions in the High-Value Agrifood Sector in Latin America
2014-08-02 | Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark | Global Value Chains and World Trade: Prospects and Challenges for Latin America

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Global Value Chains in Latin America: A Development Perspective for Upgrading
2014-08-01 | Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi | Global Value Chains and World Trade: Prospects and Challenges for Latin America

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Shifting Sources of Wheat Supply for MENA Countries: the Rise of the Black Sea
2014-05-03 | Annelies Goger, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Danny Hamrick, Ghada Ahmed, Andrew Guinn, Jack Daly, Jonathan Morgan, Gary Gereffi | Duke MINERVA Research Brief

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What Role Can Coal Play in the United States’ Energy Future?
2014-04-13 | Ghada Ahmed, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Gary Gereffi, Jack Daly | The Electricity Journal

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Risks and Opportunities of Participation in Global Value Chains
2014-04-12 | Gary Gereffi, Xubei Luo | World Bank Policy Research Working Paper
Contemporary globalization has been marked by significant shifts in the organization and governance of global industries. In the 1970s and 1980s, one such shift was characterized by the emergence of buyer-driven and producer-driven commodity chains. In the early 2000s, a more differentiated typology of governance structures was introduced, which focused on new types of coordination in global value chains (GVCs). Today the organization of the global economy is entering another phase, with transformations that are reshaping the governance structures of both GVCs and global capitalism at various levels: (1) the end of the Washington Consensus and the rise of contending centers of economic and political power; (2) a combination of geographic consolidation and value chain concentration in the global supply base, which, in some cases, is shifting bargaining power from lead firms in GVCs to large suppliers in developing economies; (3) new patterns of strategic coordination among value chain actors; (4) a shift in the end markets of many GVCs accelerated by the economic crisis of 2008–09, which is redefining regional geographies of investment and trade; and (5) a diffusion of the GVC approach to major international donor agencies, which is prompting a reformulation of established development paradigms.
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Comparing Egypt and Saudi Arabia’s Wheat GVC
2014-04-07 | Danny Hamrick, Ghada Ahmed, Andrew Guinn, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Annelies Goger, Jack Daly, Jonathan Morgan, Gary Gereffi | Duke MINERVA Research Brief
Wheat is one of the most important commodities in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and the region is the largest importer of wheat and other grains. While there are many challenges in terms of securing stable wheat supplies, like storage capacity and water reserves, sub-regional differences exist in the organization of the wheat industry and subsequent challenges. This brief sheds light on these differences through a comparison of Egyptian and Saudi Arabian wheat value chains. We conclude that while many issues, such as availability of currency reserves, span the region, other issues are country or sub-region specific.
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Global Value Chain Analysis and Food Security
2014-04-06 | Andrew Guinn, Danny Hamrick, Ghada Ahmed, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Annelies Goger, Jack Daly, Jonathan Morgan, Gary Gereffi | Duke MINERVA Research Brief
This brief compares the GVC approach to understanding food security with more traditional approaches and identifies how GVC analysis allows researchers to identify and investigate important food security challenges facing MENA, particularly the issues of governance and international trade.
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Globalization, Recession and the Internationalization of Industrial Districts: Experiences from the Italian Gold Jewelry Industry
2014-03-28 | Valentina De Marchi, Joonkoo Lee, Gary Gereffi | European Planning Studies

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Global value chains in a post-Washington Consensus world
2014-03-21 | Gary Gereffi | Review of International Political Economy

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Towards Better Work in Central America: Nicaragua and the CAFTA Context
2014-03-06 | Jennifer Bair, Gary Gereffi | Towards Better Work: Understanding Labour in Apparel Global Value Chains


Latin America’s Emergence in Global Services: A New Driver of Structural Change in the Region?
2014-02-12 | Rene Hernandez, Nanno Mulder, Karina Fernandez-Stark, Pierre Sauve, Dorotea Lopez Giral, Felipe Muñoz Navia | ECLAC Book
Karina Fernandez-Stark is an editor of this recent ECLAC book on the service industry in Latin America.
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Twelve Years of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Publications in Mexico
2014-01-17 | Edgar Lau Záyago, Stacey Frederick, Guillermo Foladori | Journal of Nanoparticle Research
This article reviews information from the Web of Science relevant to articles on nanoscience and nanotechnology in Mexico over 12 years (2000 - 2012), and explains the changes in S&T policy.
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A Indústria Brasileira e as Cadeias Globais de Valor
2014-01-14 | Timothy Sturgeon, Gary Gereffi, Andrew Guinn, Ezequiel Zylberberg | Elsevier
 Book CoverAs indústrias estão deixando de atuar apenas nos mercados domésticos e tornam-se cada vez mais internacionalizadas. Nos últimos 50 anos, o mundo tem passado por transformações que afetam significativamente a produção e o comércio globais. A manufatura, antes local, agora é mundial. Empresas e países se especializam não na fabricação de bens, mas nas etapas do processo produtivo.
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Making Foreign Direct Investment Work for Sub-Saharan Africa: Chapter 7: Sector Case Study: Apparel
2014-01-10 | Cornelia Staritz, Stacey Frederick | Making Foreign Direct Investment Work for Sub-Saharan Africa: Local Spillovers and Competitiveness in Global Value Chains
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is becoming an increasingly significant catalyst for output and trade in developing countries, in part due to a major expansion in the scope of global value chains (GVCs). FDI delivers a number of important contributions to economic development in terms of investment, employment, and foreign exchange.
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Connecting Local Producers in Developing Countries to Regional and Global Value Chains
2013-12-03 | Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark, Gary Gereffi, Andrew Guinn | OECD Trade Policy Paper
This report, commissioned by the Trade and Agriculture Directorate of the OECD, analyzes the specific factors that affect the competitiveness of developing countries in regional and global value chains (GVCs), and how these factors differ across four major economic sectors: agriculture, extractive industries, manufacturing and offshore services. The analysis highlights that in order to participate gainfully in GVCs, developing countries must adopt industry-specific policy frameworks that reflect the changing reality of global business. Keywords: global and regional value chains, developing countries, competitiveness, productive capacity, inclusive growth, trade integration
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Brazil in Global Value Chains: Implications for Trade and Industrial Policy
2013-06-28 | Timothy Sturgeon, Gary Gereffi, Andrew Guinn, Ezequiel Zylberberg | FUNCEX: Revista Brasileira de Comércio Exterior (RBCE), Issue 115 (April/June), p. 26-41.
Article in the Brazilian Journal of Foreign Trade. Also available in Portuguese: O Brasil nas cadeias globais de valor: implicações para a política industrial e de comércio
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Can Global Brands Create Just Supply Chains? – Response: Governments in Big Emerging Economies Can Pressure Foreign Companies
2013-06-27 | Gary Gereffi | Boston Review

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Joining, Upgrading and Being Competitive in Global Value Chains
2013-04-04 | Olivier Cattaneo, Garry Gereffi, Sebastien Miroudot, Daria Taglioni | World Bank Policy Research Working Paper
In recent years, global value chains have played an increasing role in business strategies, profoundly affecting international trade and development paradigms. Global value chains now represent a major source of socio-upgrading opportunities and a new path for development. Trade, competitiveness and development policies should be reshaped accordingly to seize these opportunities and avoid the risks associated with greater participation in global value chains. This paper provides a framework and analytical tools for measuring and improving a country’s performance with respect to participation in global value chains.
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Economic and Social Upgrading and Workforce Development in the Apparel Global Value Chain
2013-04-03 | Gary Gereffi | Korea Labor Institute, International Labor Brief

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Co-evolution of Concentration in Mobile Phone Global Value Chains and Its Impact on Social Upgrading in Developing Countries
2013-03-29 | Joonkoo Lee, Gary Gereffi | Capturing the Gains, Working Paper 25

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Global Value Chain-Oriented Industrial Policy: The Role of Emerging Economies
2013-03-26 | Gary Gereffi, Timothy Sturgeon | Global Value Chains in a Changing World

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Regional Competitiveness in the Latin America Offshore Services Value Chain
2013-03-19 | Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi | The Oxford Handbook of Offshoring and Global Employment

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Global Value Chains, Economic Upgrading and Gender: Case Studies of the Horticulture, Tourism, and Call Center Industries
2013-01-31 | Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark, Ghada Ahmed, Michelle Christian | World Bank Book
This book provides an analysis of the horticulture, tourism, and call center global value chains (GVCs) based on a survey of the literature and case studies carried out in Honduras (horticulture), Kenya (tourism), and Egypt (call centers). The studies show that GVCs and their upgrading dynamics have important gender dimensions, and that integration and upgrading are influenced by, and have an impact on, gender relations.
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Beyond the Annual Budget: Global Experience with Medium-Term Expenditure Frameworks (Case Studies)
2013-01-30 | Ghada Ahmed
Ghada Ahmed was a contributor to the case studies on Ghana and South Africa in the appendices of the book.
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Market and Technology Trends in Underwater: Sensors & Instumentation
2012-12-28 | Joonkoo Lee, Mary Turnipseed, Lukas Brun | Marine Technology Reporter
Underwater sensors and instrumentation have been developed for a broad range of activities – including mapping the seafloor, communicating underwater, locating underwater objects, and observing underwater animals and plants – carried out by government, industry, and the scientific research community. The Duke University Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness (CGGC) recently completed a study on the global value chains of ocean technologies, including underwater sensors and instrumentation, for a consortium led by Nova Scotia’s Department of Economic and Rural Development and Tourism (ERDT). Excerpts from the report on the market and technology trends in acoustic and nonacoustic underwater sensors and instrumentation are provided in this article.
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ROV/AUV Trends: Market and Technology
2012-09-28 | Lukas Brun | Marine Technology Reporter
The Duke University Center on Globalization, Governance and Competitiveness (CGGC) recently completed a study on ocean technologies, including remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) and autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), for a consortium led by Nova Scotia’s Department of Economic and Rural Development and Tourism (ERDT). Excerpts from the report on the market and technology trends in ROVs and AUVs are provided in this article.
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California in the Nano Economy
2012-08-29 | Stacey Frederick | National Nanomanufacturing Network (NNN) Newsletter, 5(8), August 29

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Global Value Chains and Agrifoods Standards: Challenges and Possibilities for Smallholders in Developing Countries
2012-07-31 | Joonkoo Lee, Gary Gereffi, Janet Beauvais | Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The rise of private food standards has brought forth an ongoing debate about whether they work as a barrier for smallholders and hinder poverty reduction in developing countries. This paper uses a global value chain approach to explain the relationship between value chain structure and agri-food safety and quality standards and to discuss the challenges and possibilities this entails for the upgrading of smallholders. Part of the Special Feature on “Agriculture Development and Nutrition Security.”
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Why the World Suddenly Cares About Global Supply Chains
2012-07-02 | Gary Gereffi, Joonkoo Lee | Journal of Supply Chain Management
The global value chain (GVC) concept has gained popularity as a way to analyze the international expansion and geographical fragmentation of contemporary supply chains and value creation and capture therein. It has been used broadly in academic publications that examine a wide range of global industries, and by many of the international organizations concerned with economic development. This note highlights some of the main features of GVC analysis and discusses the relationship between the core concepts of governance and upgrading.
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ROVs: A Global Value Chain Perspective
2012-06-10 | Lukas Brun | Marine Technology Reporter
This article discusses the ROV value chain and Nova Scotia’s position within the chain.
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Shipbuilding in Nova Scotia
2012-06-03 | Joonkoo Lee, Lukas Brun | Maritime Reporter and Engineering News
This article reviews Nova Scotia's shipbuilding capabilities and emerging market opportunities.
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Developments in the Global Apparel Industry after the MFA Phaseout and Summaries of the Country Case Studies (Part 2)
2012-02-12 | Stacey Frederick, Cornelia Staritz | Sewing Success? Employment, Wages, and Poverty following the End of the Multi-fibre Arrangement
The chapter introduces dynamics in the global apparel value chain with a focus on the impacts of the lifting of the Multi-fibre Arrangement on Textiles and Clothing (MFA/ATC) and the global economic crisis in nine countries. A detailed analysis of each country is in Part 2 of this book.
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Upgrading and Restructuring in the Global Apparel Value Chain: Why China and Asia are Outperforming Mexico and Central America
2011-11-12 | Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi | International Journal Technological Learning, Innovation and Development
This article uses the global value chain approach to analyze the upgrading trajectories of leading apparel exporters adapting to the end of textile and apparel quotas and the economic recession.
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The Offshore Services Value Chain: Upgrading Trajectories in Developing Countries
2011-11-11 | Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi | International Journal Technological Learning, Innovation and Development

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Global Value Chains and International Competition
2011-10-19 | Gary Gereffi | The Antitrust Bulletin

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Private Employment Agencies in Morocco
2011-10-18 | Ghada Ahmed | ILO Sectoral Activities Programme: Working Paper
This working paper and the Global Dialogue Forum are part of the ILO’s Sectoral Activities Programme.
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Global Value Chains, Upgrading and Poverty Reduction
2011-10-09 | Joonkoo Lee, Gary Gereffi, Stephanie Barrientos | Capturing the Gains, Briefing Note 3

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Economic and Social Upgrading in Global Production Networks: A New Paradigm for a Changing World
2011-10-08 | Stephanie Barrientos, Gary Gereffi, Arianna Rossi | International Labour Review

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Economic Development Planning in Bedroom Communities: A Case Study of Chatham County, North Carolina
2011-09-16 | Jason Jolley, Lukas Brun, Brent Lane | Journal of Rural and Community Development
This article shares lessons learned in the economic development planning experience in Chatham County, North Carolina, a traditionally rural county on the urban fringe of the growing Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area.
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Increasing Stakeholder Participation in Industry Cluster Identification
2011-08-01 | Lukas Brun, Jason Jolley | Economic Development Quarterly
This paper illustrates how one community pursued a collaborative approach to cluster identification and the costs and benefits of the method.
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Traveling Technologies: Societal Implications of Nanotechnology Through the Global Value Chain
2011-06-15 | Julie Dillemuth, Stacey Frederick, Rachel Parker, Gary Gereffi, Richard Appelbaum | Journal of Nano Education

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Advancing U.S. Competitiveness Means Retooling the Work Force
2011-01-31 | Marcy Lowe | Atlanta Journal Constitution

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China's (Not So Hidden) Developmental State: Becoming a Leading Nanotechnology Innovator in the Twenty-First Century
2011-01-01 | Richard Appelbaum, Rachel Parker, Cong Cao, Gary Gereffi | State of Innovation: The U.S. Government's Role in Technology Development.
This paper looks at how the debate over innovation is reflected in China's approach to national development, especially with respect to the use of nanotechnology.
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Global Production Networks and Decent Work in India and China: Evidence from the Apparel, Automotive, and Information Technology Industries
2010-11-03 | Gary Gereffi, Esra Guler | Labour in Global Production Networks in India


The Prospects for Mexico in the North American Automotive Industry: A Global Value Chain Perspective
2010-11-02 | Timothy Sturgeon, Gary Gereffi, Kimberly Rogers, Karina Fernandez-Stark | Actes du GERPISA


How Many Highly Skilled Foreign-Born Are Waiting in Line for U.S. Legal Permanent Residence?
2010-11-01 | Guillermina Jasso, Vivek Wadhwa, Gary Gereffi, Ben Rissing, Richard Freemen | International Migration Review


Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective
2010-10-15 | Editors: Olivier Cattaneo, Gary Gereffi, Cornelia Staritz | Washington, DC: The World Bank
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The Global Apparel Value Chain, Trade and the Crisis: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries
2010-10-14 | Gary Gereffi, Stacey Frederick | Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

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The Offshore Services Value Chain: Developing Countries and the Crisis
2010-10-13 | Gary Gereffi, Karina Fernandez-Stark | Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

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Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: Resilience, Consolidation, and Shifting End Markets
2010-10-10 | Olivier Cattaneo, Gary Gereffi, Cornelia Staritz | Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

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Regulation and Economic Globalization: Prospects and Limits of Private Governance
2010-10-01 | Frederick Mayer, Gary Gereffi | Business Politics
Corporate codes of conduct, product certifications, process standards, and other voluntary, non-governmental forms of private governance have proliferated in the last two decades.
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Sustainable Product Indexing: Navigating the Challenge of Ecolabeling
2010-09-30 | Jay Golden, Kevin Dooley, J. M. Anderies, B. H. Thompson, Gary Gereffi, Lincoln Pratson | Ecology and Society

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Powder coating: A global value chain perspective
2010-09-01 | Lukas Brun, Ruggero Golini | Powder Coating

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Employment and Human Resource Services in Egypt
2010-06-18 | Ghada Ahmed | Duke University Master\'s Project, Duke Center for International Development (DCID)
This study was undertaken and written by Ghada Ahmed, a CGGC Research Associate, as her Master’s Project toward completion of her Master’s in International Development Policy from Duke’s Sanford School of Public Policy in 2010.
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Development and Application of a Value Chain Research Approach to Understand and Evaluate Internal and External Factors and Relationships Affecting the Economic Competitiveness in the Textile Value Chain
2010-05-01 | Stacey Frederick | PhD Dissertation, NC State University

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The Marketing and Distribution of Fast Food
2010-04-25 | Michelle Christian, Gary Gereffi | Pediatric Obesity: Etiology, Pathogenesis, and Treatment
This chapter seeks to advance the multi-level approach to studying childhood obesity by focusing on the "macro" level of corporations in the global economy. We use a global value chains (GVC) framework to explain how the structure of food and agricultural value chains, with an emphasis on the fast-food segment, affects individual consumption choices.
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Trade, Transnational Corporations and Food Consumption: A Global Value Chain Approach
2010-02-23 | Gary Gereffi, Michelle Christian | Trade, Food, Diet and Health: Perspectives and Policy Options
This paper explores the connections between the spread of obesity, especially in developing countries, and the interrelated expansion of trade, foreign direct investment, and transnational corporations (TNCs). The authors outline how the main concepts and methods of global value chains analysis can be applied to identify the direct and indirect linkages between the global economic processes of trade, foreign and direct investment, and food consumption.
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U.S.-Based Food and Agricultural Value Chains and Their Relevance to Healthy Diets
2009-12-12 | Gary Gereffi, Joonkoo Lee, Michelle Christian | Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
This paper outlines the global value chains (GVCs) of the chicken and tomato industries, showing how these industries have changed over time, who is driving that change, and how different segments of the value chain affect healthy diets and impact low-income populations. The authors specifically address how the lead firms in the global value chains of the chicken and tomato industries are a part of the processed food revolution and how this potentially impacts low-income communities.
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Powder Coatings in China
2009-12-01 | Lukas Brun, Ruggero Golini | European Coatings Journal

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Value Chain Governance
2009-07-03 | Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi | USAID Briefing Paper
This briefing paper explains the importance of identifying governance structures when conducting value chain analysis. It describes the factors, types, and determinants of governance, and gives recommendations for practitioners to intervene. Also available in Spanish (La Gobernabilad de la Cadena de Valor).
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The North American Automotive Value Chain: Canada's Role and Prospects
2009-07-01 | Timothy Sturgeon, Johannes Van Biesebroeck, Gary Gereffi | International Journal of Technological Learning, Trade and Development
This paper deals with the North American automotive value chain and analyzes the prospects for Canadian automotive sector upgrading. Canada continues to have marginally lower operating costs than the USA and a strong industrial culture that attracts inves
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The American Brain Drain and Asia
2009-05-01 | Vivek Wadhwa, Gary Gereffi, Alex Salkever | Asia-Pacific Journal

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Globalisation of the Automotive Industry: Main Features and Trends
2009-05-01 | Timothy Sturgeon, Olga Memedovic, Johannes Van Biesebroeck, Gary Gereffi | International Journal Technological Learning, Innovation and Development
This paper lays out the main features of the global automotive industry and identifies several important trends.
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Value Chain Governance & Upgrading
2009-05-01 | Stacey Frederick | USAID Value Chain Development Wiki
The USAID Microlinks Value Chain wiki is a tool for those interested in learning more about the value chain research approach. Frederick wrote the content for the overview and in-depth upgrading and governance sections.
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The Impacts of Wal-Mart: The Rise and Consequences of the World's Dominant Retailer
2009-04-28 | Gary Gereffi and Michelle Christian | Annual Review of Sociology

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Review and Analysis of Protectionist Actions in the Textile and Apparel Industries
2009-04-23 | Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi | The Fateful Allure of Protectionism: Taking Stock for the G8


Protectionism in Textiles and Apparel
2009-04-01 | Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi | Effective Crisis Response and Openness: Implications for the Trading System


America's Loss is the World's Gain: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Part IV
2009-03-02 | Vivek Wadhwa, AnnaLee Saxenian, Richard Freeman, Gary Gereffi | America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs Series
This paper attempts to answer questions on immigration and entrepreneurship through a survey of 1,203 Indian and Chinese immigrants who had worked or received their education in the United States and returned to their home country.
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A Global Value Chain Approach to Food Safety and Quality Standards
2009-02-04 | Gary Gereffi, Joonkoo Lee | Report prepared for the Global Health Diplomacy for Chronic Disease Protection Working Paper Series

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Measuring Success in the Global Economy: International Trade, Industrial Upgrading and Business Function Outsourcing in Global Value Chains
2009-02-03 | Timothy Sturgeon, Gary Gereffi | Transnational Corporations

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Development Models and Industrial Upgrading in China and Mexico
2009-02-01 | Gary Gereffi | European Sociological Review
This article provides a broad comparison of the development models in Latin America and China, with an emphasis on how each has changed in recent decades.
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The Challenge of Global Value Chains: Why Integrative Trade Requires New Thinking and New Data
2008-11-20 | Timothy Sturgeon, Gary Gereffi | Report prepared for Industry Canada
Report prepared for Industry Canada. This paper was prepared in response to a request from Industry Canada to develop recommendations for collecting data on the position of Canadian firms in global value chains (GVCs).
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How the Disciple Became the Guru
2008-07-23 | Vivek Wadhwa, Una Kim de Vitton, Gary Gereffi | SSRN Working Paper
This paper is based on detailed interviews with the CEOs, HR executives, R&D managers, and employees of 24 leading companies in rapidly growing sectors in India. The authors present an overview of best practices.
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The Globalization of Innovation: Can India and China Cure the Global Pharmaceutical Market?
2008-06-11 | Vivek Wadhwa, Ben Rissing, Gary Gereffi, John Trumpbour, Pete Engardio
Multinational pharmaceutical corporations are searching for means to broaden their capacity for drug development while decreasing costs. Pharmaceutical firms in India and China are increasingly forging partnerships with these corporations to gain revenue and to develop their own expertise. These relationships largely appear to be symbiotic. As a result of the movement of research to their countries, Indian and Chinese scientists are rapidly developing the ability to innovate and create their own intellectual property. Several firms in India and China are performing advanced R&D and are moving into the highest-value segments of the pharmaceutical global value chain. This research was funded in part by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.
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Skilled Immigration and Economic Growth
2008-06-06 | Vivek Wadhwa, AnnaLee Saxenian, Ben Rissing, Gary Gereffi | Applied Research in Economic Development
This paper explores the educational attainment and career trajectories of immigrant entrepreneurs in the United States.
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Value Chains, Networks and Clusters: Reframing the Global Automotive Industry
2008-04-02 | Timothy Sturgeon, Johannes Van Biesebroeck, Gary Gereffi | Journal of Economic Geography
In this article the global value chain (GVC) approach is used to analyze recent trends in the global automotive industry, with special attention paid to the case of North America. Three elements of the GVC framework are used – firm level chain governance,
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Getting the Numbers Right: International Engineering Education in the United States, China, and India
2008-01-01 | Gary Gereffi, Vivek Wadhwa, Ben Rissing, Ryan Ong | Journal of Engineering Education
This article challenges the commonly cited statistics for engineering graduates in the United States, China, and India. The authors argue that the key issue in engineering education should be the quality of graduates, not just the quantity, since quantity
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Wal-Mart in China: Can the World's Largest Retailer Succeed in the World's Most Populous Market?
2007-11-16 | Gary Gereffi, Ryan Ong | Harvard Asia Pacific Review
An article in the Harvard Asia Pacific Review on Wal-Mart's place in the China market.
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A Global Value Chains Approach to Food, Healthy Diets, and Childhood Obesity
2007-11-12 | Gary Gereffi, Michelle Christian | Conference paper for the WHO Early-Stage Expert Meeting on Trade and Healthy Diets
A challenge associated with the nutrition transition in developing countries (i.e.,simultaneous presence of over-nutrition and under-nutrition, both being most prevalent in the poorest population segments) is the integration of their markets into the global economy. This integration determined rapid and strong changes in the production and trade of agricultural goods in the developing countries as well as growing foreign direct investments in food processing and retailing, and the expansion of food advertisements with obvious implications for dietary patterns and the risk of obesity.
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North Carolina in the Global Economy: A Value Chain Perspective on the State's Leading Industries
2007-08-01 | Gary Gereffi, Mike Hensen, Ryan Denniston | Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management
This article highlights the features of the North Carolina in the Global Economy (NCGE) website.
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Intellectual Property, the Immigration Backlog and a Reverse Brain-Drain: Part III
2007-08-01 | Vivek Wadhwa, Guillermina Jasso, Ben Rissing, Gary Gereffi, Richard Freeman | America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs Series
This Kauffman Foundation-supported study is Part III of the "America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs" series, which focuses on immigrants' contributions to the competitiveness of the U.S. economy.
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Education, Entrepreneurship and Immigration: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Part II
2007-06-07 | Vivek Wadhwa, Ben Rissing, AnnaLee Saxenian, Gary Gereffi | SSRN Working Paper
Skilled immigrants have achieved great success in starting engineering and technology companies in the United States, and they contribute significantly to the country's economic growth over time. This paper seeks to understand the educational backgrounds and career trajectories of immigrant entrepreneurs, as well as to identify lessons for enhancing the competitiveness of the U.S. economy. The research confirms that advanced education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics is correlated with high rates of entrepreneurship and innovation.
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Prospects for Canada in the NAFTA Automotive Industry: A Global Value Chain Analysis
2007-03-14 | Timothy Sturgeon, Johannes Van Biesebroeck, Gary Gereffi | Report prepared for Industry Canada
This paper examines trends in the North American automotive industry, and asks if Canada's historical comparative advantage in the industry is sustainable. The report was prepared for Industry Canada.
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Where the Engineers Are
2007-03-01 | Vivek Wadhwa, Gary Gereffi, Ben Rissing, Ryan Ong | National Academy of Science Journal, Issues in Science & Technology
To guide education policy and maintain its innovation leadership, the United States must acquire an accurate understanding of the quantity and quality of engineering graduates in India and China.
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America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Part I
2007-01-04 | Vivek Wadhwa, AnnaLee Saxenian, Ben Rissing, Gary Gereffi | Duke Science, Technology & Innovation Working Paper Series
This paper assesses the contribution of skilled immigrants in the creation of engineering and technology businesses and intellectual property in the United States.
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Presentations

A Global Value Chain Analysis of Food Security and Food Staples for Major Energy-Exporting Nations in the Middle East and North Africa
September 15, 2016 | Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick, Sona Nahapetyan, Gary Gereffi, Lincoln Pratson | MINERVA Annual Meeting | Washington DC, USA
Subsidized food is a hallmark of food systems in MENA. Many citizens depend on government supported food for their livelihood. Consequently, volatility in global production and prices have significant implications for social unrest in the region. A Duke CGGC team has been researching this topic using the GVC framework to map the role of various public and private actors at the global, regional, and country level, as well as identifying major bottlenecks to wheat flows in the region and potential policy interventions. Researcher Ghada Ahmed presented some of the findings at the MINERVA Annual Meeting.
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Africa & Tourism Global Value Chains
July 19, 2016 | Jack Daly and Gary Gereffi | Industries without smokestacks workshop | Helsinki, Finland
The UNU-Wider project workshop on industries without smokestacks brought together researchers to discuss joint work on the industry sector and structural transformation in Africa. Duke CGGC researcher Jack Daly contributed to the workshop by presenting findings on tourism Global Value Chains in Africa.
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Global Value Chains and Development: Concepts and Methodologies
June 17, 2016 | Gary Gereffi | World Bank Group, Trade & Competitiveness GVC Workshop on Technical Tools and Operations | Washington, DC, USA
Gary Gereffi’s presentation focuses on the origins of the Global Value Chain (GVC) framework. It clarifies key GVC concepts and methods, including value chain mapping, value chain governance and value chain upgrading. The presentation concludes by examining the medical devices GVC in Costa Rica to show the GVC of a small country in high tech. Gereffi presented this overview at the World Bank Group, Trade & Competitiveness GVC workshop on technical tools and operations in Washington, DC.
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From Value Chain Mapping to Policy Recommendations
June 17, 2016 | Gary Gereffi | World Bank Group, Trade & Competitiveness GVC Workshop on Technical Tools and Operations | Washington, DC, USA
This presentation highlights the GVC experiences of different countries, including China vs. Mexico and the offshore services GVC of countries like Chile and Costa Rica. It also shows how Mexico links regional value chains, clusters and policies; and some of the development strategy challenges facing emerging economies. This overview was presented at the World Bank Group, Trade & Competitiveness GVC workshop on technical tools and operations in Washington, DC.
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Philippines Participation in GVCs: Analysis and Findings
June 02, 2016 | Penny Bamber | Enhancing Philippine Participation in GVCs Public Forum at the | Makati City, Manila, Philippines
Key findings for the Philippines in Manufacturing Global Value Chains project were presented at a public forum at the Makati Diamond Residential Suites in Manila on June 2, 2016. The presentation highlighted the position of the Philippines in each of the five industries (aerospace, automotive, electronics & electrical, chemicals and paper) and focused on potential upgrading trajectories for each.
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Global Value Chains and the Changing Geography of Development
April 13, 2016 | Gary Gereffi | Segnavie Lecture | Padova, Italy
The presentation covers four main areas: the new global economy; the definition of a Global Value Chain (GVC); GVC competition between China and Mexico; and GVCs and emerging economies.
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Productive Development Policies and Upgrading: Linking Value Chains, Regions and Firms
March 01, 2016 | Gary Gereffi | Value Chains and the Future of Manufacturing in North America: The Role of Public Policy and the Private Sector in Achieving Regional Integration | Mexico City, Mexico
Gereffi presented at this one-day event, organized by Techint Group, intended to raise strategic and policy awareness on international economic development issues, with a value chains lens.
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Global Value Chains and Duke CGGC’s Collaboration in Kazakhstan
November 18, 2015 | Gary Gereffi | RCGC Launch Event | Astana, Kazakhstan
Director of Duke CGGC, Gary Gereffi, gave this presentation at the Regional Competitiveness and Growth Center (RCGC) launch event in Astana, Kazakhstan.
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Duke Social Science Research Institute (SSRI): An Overview
November 18, 2015 | Mike Hensen | RCGC Launch Event | Astana, Kazakhstan
Assistant Director of Duke CGGC, Mike Hensen, gave this presentation at the Regional Competitiveness and Growth Center (RCGC) launch event in Astana, Kazakhstan.
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North Carolina in the Global Economy
October 20, 2015 | Lukas Brun | mfgCON | Raleigh, NC, USA
mfgCON brought together stakeholders to discuss manufacturing in NC. This presentation highlighted CGGC’s NC in the Global Economy website which applies the framework to NC industries, using the furniture industry as an example of available analysis.
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Wheat Value Chain and Food Security in the Middle East and North Africa Region
October 11, 2015 | Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick, Gary Gereffi | 2nd International Conference on Global Food Security | Ithaca, NY, USA
This was a poster presentation presented by Ahmed and Hamrick.
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Global Value Chain Analysis of Food Security and Food Staples for Major Energy- Exporting Nations in the Middle East and North Africa: Russia Focus
September 08, 2015 | Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick | Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment (SMA) Lecture Series, Department of Defense | Washington, DC, USA
Duke CGGC researchers gave this overview of food security in the wheat industry with implications for the MENA region and Russia. This is part of an ongoing stream of research with the Minerva Initiative.
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The Wheat Value Chain and Food Security in the Middle East and North Africa
June 20, 2015 | Ghada Ahmed | International Affairs Institute (IAI) of Rome and the OCP Policy Center of Rabat, Seminar on Linking Food Security to Sustainable Agricultural Policies in the Mediterranean | Milan, Italy
Duke CGGC researcher Ghada Ahmed gave this presentation at the International Affairs Institute (IAI) of Rome and the OCP Policy Center of Rabat, Seminar on Linking Food Security to Sustainable Agricultural Policies in the Mediterranean on June 20, 2015. This is part of a multi-year research project with the Minerva Initiative.
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Public-Private Partnerships in Global Value Chains: Can They Actually Benefit the Poor?
June 17, 2015 | Ajmal Abdulsamad | Donor Committee for Enterprise Development (DCED) Annual Meeting | Copenhagen, Denmark
Ajmal Abdulsamad\\\'s presentation from June 2015 investigates the key trends that lead to success in public-private partnerships for development. The presentation looks at three cases: the cocoa sector in Indonesia; horticulture in Kenya; and coffee in Rwanda.
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The Wheat Value Chain and Food Security in the Middle East and North Africa
February 26, 2015 | Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick | International Policy Studies Organization (IPSO) Conference on Middle East Dialogue 2015 | Washington, DC, USA
Duke CGGC researchers Ghada Ahmed and Danny Hamrick, gave this presentation at the International Policy Studies Organization (IPSO) conference on Middle East Dialogue.
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Rwanda Warehouse Receipt System
February 15, 2015 | Lukas Brun | Joint Leadership Network for African Agriculture | Rome, Italy
Presentation to the Joint Leadership Network for African Agriculture - a collaborative project with the Rockefeller Foundation and Oxfam America on the 10 major agricultural innovations in Sub-Saharan Africa.
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Can Public-Private Partnerships Actually Benefit the Poor?
January 29, 2015 | Gary Gereffi, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Shawn Stokes | USAID Microlinks Seminar Series #18 | Washington, DC, USA
This panel presented research findings on USAID-supported partnerships and upgrading trajectories experienced in the cocoa sector in Indonesia, the coffee sector in Rwanda, and the horticulture sector in Kenya. This research examines what historical PPPs can teach us about how to use this approach to actually benefit the poor.
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North Carolina in the Global Economy
November 12, 2014 | Lukas Brun | World View Community College Symposium | Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Lukas Brun gave this presentation on the NC in the GLobal Economy website at the World View Community College Symposium, held at the UNC Friday Center.
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Shifting Governance Structures in the Wheat Value Chain: Implications for Food Security in the Middle East and North Africa
September 26, 2014 | Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick, Gary Gereffi | Global Value Chains and Trade Policies for Food and Nutrition Security Workshop | Rome, Italy
A research team from the Duke CGGC presented on Global Value Chains and trade policies for food and nutrition at a security workshop in Rome on September 26, 2014.
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DC Briefing: North Carolina in the Global Economy
September 12, 2014 | Gary Gereffi | DC Briefing | Washington, DC, USA
Staff from North Carolina Congressional offices, representatives from Governor Pat McCrory’s Washington office, and individuals representing NC-focused businesses gathered in a Capitol Hill meeting room on September 12, to learn more about the NC in the Global Economy (NCGE) project, a Duke CGGC website that provides information and insight into NC’s traditional and emerging industries. Gary Gereffi led the presentation.
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New NC in the Global Economy (NCGE) Features
April 21, 2014 | Stacey Frederick | Forum on North Carolina in the Global Economy | Durham, NC, USA
Stacey Frederick gave this presentation at Duke CGGC. It provides an overview of the new features on the 2014 version of the NC in the Global Economy website.
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Who is the Nanotechnology Economy? Obstacles and Methods of Identifying and Estimates of U.S. Nano Firms & Workers
November 04, 2013 | Stacey Frederick | Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization (SNO) Conference | Santa Barbara, CA, United States
Presentation by Stacey Frederick in November 2013 at the Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization (SNO) conference.
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Method and Platform for Identifying Stakeholders in the Nanotechnology Economy
October 28, 2013 | Stacey Frederick | S.NET | Boston, MA, United States
This presentation provides an overview of a method to identify the firms and organizations involved in the nano economy throughout the value chain and introduces a new web-based platform to disseminate the information.
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Twelve Years of Nanotechnology in Mexico (2000 - 2012)
October 28, 2013 | Stacey Frederick, Edgar Lau Záyago, Guillermo Foladori, Edgar Arteaga | S.NET | Boston, MA, United States
Stacey Frederick presented this research at S.NET, which covers the following topics on the nanotechnology industry in Mexico: R&D funding, centers & labs, evolution of publications by Mexican authors, and firms.
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The Economic Impact of the High Point Market
October 18, 2013 | Lukas Brun, Bill Lester | High Point Market Press Breakfast Presentation | High Point, NC, USA
The Duke Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness was asked by the High Point Market Authority (HPMA) to conduct a comprehensive economic and fiscal impact of the High Point Market located in High Point, NC.
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Quantifying the Nanotechnology Workforce: Methods, Barriers & Estimates
June 28, 2013 | Stacey Frederick, Rachel Parker | SASE Annual Meeting at the | Milan, Italy
This presentation was given at the SASE Annual Meeting in Milan, Italy on June 28, 2013. It was part of an ongoing research project between the Center for Nanotechnology in Society (CNS) at UC-Santa Barbara and Duke CGGC.
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Medical Devices Global Value Chain: Opportunities and Challenges for Upgrading
March 20, 2013 | Gary Gereffi | Life Sciences Forum | San Jose, Costa Rica
Gereffi gave a presentation at the Life Sciences Forum in San Jose, Costa Rica (March 18-20, 2013) based on results of CGGC\'s 2013 report on Costa Rica in the Medical Devices Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading. More than 400 leading company representatives from the medical industry, providers and international experts gathered from the United States, Puerto Rico, Italy and Latin America at this event to discuss topics of interest for the life sciences sector. Other speakers included: Dr. David Albert, Founder and General Director of Alivecor; Matt Szuhaj, Director of Deloitte Consulting LLP; Sheila Hemeon-Heyer, President of Heyer Regulatory Solutions; Scott Nelson, founder of Medsider.com; Art Erdman, Director of Medical Devices Center at the University of Minnesota; and Charles Sidebottom, Director of Corporate Standards, Medtronic. View agenda: http://www.cggc.duke.edu/pdfs/2013_Agenda_Life_Sciences_Forum_19-20March_2013.pdf
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The NSPS Shipbuilding Value Chains
January 25, 2013 | Lukas Brun, Gary Gereffi, Andrew Guinn | NSPS Shipbuilding | Nova Scotia, Canada

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The NSPS Shipbuilding Value Chains (Ships Start Here Panel)
January 24, 2013 | Lukas Brun | NSPS Shipbuilding - Ships Start Here Panel | Nova Scotia, Canada

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The NSPS Shipbuilding Value Chains (Lunenburg Press Presentation)
January 24, 2013 | Lukas Brun | Lunenburg Press Presentation | Nova Scotia, Canada

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The Coal Industry Value Chain and Competitiveness
July 17, 2012 | Gary Gereffi, Ghada Ahmed, Ajmal Abdulsamad | Briefing presentation to U.S. Congress | Washington, DC, USA
The presentation gives an overview of the coal industry. Affected companies discussed how they are responding to trends and technology and policy paths that would allow coal to remain an affordable energy source while addressing environmental impacts.
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California in the Nanotechnology Economy (2012)
May 07, 2012 | Stacey Frederick, Rich Appelbaum, Barbara Harthorn | CNS Research Summit and NSF Site Visit | Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Poster presentation for the Center for Nanotechnology in Society (CNS) Research Summit and NSF Site Visit.
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Smart Grid and the North Carolina Business Community
May 01, 2012 | Marcy Lowe | NC Smart Grid Technical Forum | Charlotte, NC, USA

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Global Value Chains in the Ocean Technology Sector
January 24, 2012 | Gary Gereffi, Lukas Brun | Presentation to Canada\'s Department for International Affairs and Foreign Trade (DFAIT) | Durham, NC, USA
Gary Gereffi and Lukas Brun presented the implications of the Nova Scotia Ocean Technology report to the work of trade commissioners.
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Skills for Upgrading: Workforce Development and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries
November 17, 2011 | Gary Gereffi, Karina Fernandez-Stark, Phil Psilos | Washington, DC, USA
Gary Gereffi, Karina Fernandez-Stark and Phil Psilos (RTI) present the \"Skills for Upgrading\" project overview, key findings and recommendations, highlighting how workforce development initiatives can contribute to global value chain upgrading.
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Nova Scotia’s Ocean Technologies
October 20, 2011 | Gary Gereffi, Lukas Brun, MaryTurnipseed | GVC Analysis in the Ocean Technology Sector Workshop | Nova Scotia, Canada
This presentation was given to stakeholders in Nova Scotia’s ocean technology sector. It provided preliminary findings from the CGGC report. The workshop was organized by Canada’s Department for Economic and Rural Development and Tourism (EDRT).
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Smart Grid and the Research Triangle Region
October 11, 2011 | Marcy Lowe | Wake County Economic Development Board Meeting | Durham, NC, USA

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Smart Grid in the Research Triangle: the Who and the What
September 28, 2011 | Marcy Lowe | Triangle J Council of Governments Board of Delegates Meeting | Durham, NC, USA

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Global Value Chain Analysis: A Framework for Analyzing Upgrading and Competitiveness in Global Industries
June 16, 2011 | Gary Gereffi | GVC Workshop, The World Bank and Kazakhstan Ministry in Industry and New Technologies (MINT) | Astana, Kazakhstan
Gereffi gave a presentation in Astana as part of a GVC workshop organized by the World Bank and the Kazakhstan Ministry in Industry and New Technologies (MINT).

Global Value Chain Analysis: A Competitiveness Framework for Ocean Technologies Companies in Nova Scotia
June 08, 2011 | Gary Gereffi | ERDT Seminar on “Analyzing Global Value Chains: Canada’s Trade and Nova Scotia’s Ocean Technologies Sector | Nova Scotia, Canada
Gary Gereffi presented the applications of GVC analysis to the ocean technology sector to senior government officials and company representatives at a seminar organized by the Department for Economic and Rural Development and Tourism (ERDT). View agenda: http://www.cggc.duke.edu/pdfs/2011-05-26_Agenda_GVC_seminar_June_8_2011.pdf
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California in the Nanotechnology Economy (2011)
May 03, 2011 | Stacey Frederick, Rich Appelbaum, Barbara Harthorn, Patrick Herron | CNS Research Summit and NSF Site Visit | Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Poster presentation for the Center for Nanotechnology in Society (CNS) Research Summit and NSF Site Visit.
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Smart Grid: Core Firms in the Research Triangle
April 08, 2011 | Marcy Lowe | Research Triangle Clean Tech Cluster | Durham, NC, USA

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A Value Chain Research Approach to Nanotechnology: a Framework for Competition and Collaboration
March 02, 2011 | Stacey Frederick | CNS Seminar Speakers Series | Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Stacey Frederick gave this presentation at UC-Santa Barbara as part of the Center for Nanotechnology in Society (CNS)\'s seminar series. The presentation discusses how the GVC framework can be used to analyze the impact of nanotechnology on industries.
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Manufacturing Jobs in Clean Energy Value Chains
February 08, 2011 | Marcy Lowe | Good Jobs, Green Jobs National Conference | Washington, DC, USA
The 2011 conference was dedicated to transforming our ideas into action and building a revitalized, green economy that creates good jobs, reduces global warming and preserves America\'s economic and environmental security. CGGC\'s Marcy Lowe gave a presentation.
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Clean Energy Transportation: The Case for U.S. Jobs
June 24, 2010 | Marcy Lowe | Aspen Institute Congressional Breakfast | Washington, DC, USA
Congressional breakfast hosted by the Aspen Institute.
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U.S Passenger and Transit Rail Equipment Manufacture: Final Data
June 23, 2010 | Marcy Lowe | TMAP Meeting #3 | Washington, DC, USA
This presentation was given at the Transportation Manufacturing Action Plan (TMAP) Task Force Meeting convened by The Apollo Alliance.
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Passenger and Transit Rail Vehicles: The U.S. Supply Chain
May 04, 2010 | Marcy Lowe | Good Jobs, Green Jobs National Conference | Washington, DC, USA
The 2010 conference held in May in Washington, D.C. was dedicated to transforming ideas into action and building a revitalized, green economy that creates good jobs, reduces global warming and preserves America’s economic and environmental security. Senior Research Analyst Marcy Lowe gave this presentation.
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Identifying Clean Energy Jobs: A Value Chain Approach
May 03, 2010 | Marcy Lowe | Good Jobs, Green Jobs National Conference | Washington, DC, USA
The 2010 conference held in May in Washington, D.C. was dedicated to transforming ideas into action and building a revitalized, green economy that creates good jobs, reduces global warming and preserves America’s economic and environmental security. Senior Research Analyst Marcy Lowe gave this presentation.
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Value Chain Analysis of the U.S. Bus Industry: Key Findings
February 25, 2010 | Marcy Lowe | White House Briefing | Washington, DC, USA
Senior Research Analyst Marcy Lowe was invited to attend a White House briefing with the President’s Council on Environmental Quality, organized by the American Public Transit Association.
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U.S. Transit Bus Industry: A Value Chain Analysis
January 14, 2010 | Marcy Lowe | Environmental and Energy Study Institute Capitol Hill Briefing | Washington, DC, USA
Marcy Lowe spoke at this Capitol Hill briefing on the job creation and economic development impacts of public transportation. It was organized by the Environmental and Energy Study Institute. View event website: http://www.eesi.org/briefings/view/public-transportation-jobs-and-a-clean-energy-economy?/public-transportation-jobs-and-clean-energy-economy-14-jan-2010
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Low-Carbon Competitiveness and U.S. Hybrid Trucks
October 28, 2009 | Marcy Lowe | Hybrid Truck Users Conference (HTUF) | Atlanta, GA, USA
Marcy Lowe presented outcomes from Chapter 9 of the Manufacturing Climate Solutions report series on hybrid drivetrains for trucks at CALSTART\'s HTUF conference in Atlanta, GA.
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The Promotion of Trade and Investment in Iber-America: Is Regional Promotion Possible? (In Spanish)
October 21, 2009 | Gary Gereffi, Mario Castillo, Karina Fernandez-Stark | RedIbero Meeting | Cancun, Mexico
CGGC was invited to present the main findings of an IDB Policy Brief at an annual RedIbero meeting, with the title, \"La Promoción del Comercio y la Inversión en Iberoamérica ¿Podemos avanzar hacia la promoción regional?\"
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Six Competitive Characteristics of the Hybrid Truck Industry
June 11, 2009 | Marcy Lowe | Capitol Hill Briefing, Hybrid Day on the Hill | Washington, DC, USA
Marcy Lowe was invited to speak at a Capitol Hill briefing kick-off event organized by clean transportation group, CALSTART. This event unveiled a CGGC study that highlights jobs created in truck manufacturing as well as other areas crucial to building the green economy: advanced energy storage, power electronics and control systems. View remarks: http://www.cggc.duke.edu/pdfs/Lowe_Capitol_Hill_Briefing_Hybrid_Trucks_06-11-09.pdf
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Manufacturing Climate Solutions in a Carbon-Constrained World
February 05, 2009 | Gary Gereffi, Marcy Lowe | Good Jobs, Green Jobs National Conference | Washington, DC, USA
The February 2009 Good Jobs, Green Jobs National Conference was organized by the Blue Green Alliance to develop partnerships between labor and environmental groups to expand job potential in the green economy. The 2,500-participant conference included a breakout panel highlighting the CGGC report Manufacturing Climate Solutions.
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A Value Chain Approach to Understanding the Impact of Nanotechnology
January 23, 2009 | Stacey Frederick, Rachel Parker, Rich Appelbaum, Gary Gereffi | CNS Research Summit and NSF Site Visit | Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Poster presentation for the Center for Nanotechnology in Society (CNS) Research Summit and NSF Site Visit.
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Global Services Offshoring: Trends and Impact in Latin America and the Caribbean
November 18, 2008 | Gary Gereffi, Karina Fernandez-Stark | Offshore Corporate Services in Latin America and the Caribbean | Santiago, Chile
Gereffi and Fernandez-Stark gave a presentation at this event organized by ECLAC (United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America). Gereffi also gave the keynote address. View agenda: www.cggc.duke.edu/pdfs/ECLAC_Agenda_Nov17.pdf
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Beyond the Sunbelt: Southern Economic Development in a Global Context
April 14, 2008 | Gary Gereffi | Global American South Conference | Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Gary Gereffi participated on the panel on Trade with China and India, speaking on "How NC Can Compete with China and India in the Contemporary Global Knowledge Economy." The conference was held at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
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Nanotechnology, Commercialization & Innovation: North Carolina
February 17, 2008 | Gary Gereffi, Stacey Frederick | American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting | Boston, MA, USA
This AAAS meeting emphasized the power of science, technology and education to assist less-developed segments of world society, to improve partnerships among already-developed countries, and to spur knowledge-driven transformations across a host of fields. Gary Gereffi joined colleagues from the University of California, Santa Barbara and Venice International University in a symposium on Sunday, February 17, entitled, “Global Diffusion of Nanotechnology: Lessons from China, Italy and the United States.” View panel: http://www.abstractsonline.com/viewer/viewSessionPrintFriendly.asp?MKey={581B5131-12E5-487A-88B6-78ACCE1FF20A}&AKey={82DF1193-261B-4248-AC6B-CACD0186BD6B}&SessionKey={EB44F00D-D874-425B-BF78-579AAF4090CF}
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North Carolina in the Global Economy: A New Look at Global Competition, Local Jobs and the Role of Research Universities
February 06, 2008 | Gary Gereffi | Presentation to the Center for International Studies | Durham, NC, USA
Lecture by Gary Gereffi on global competition, local jobs and the role of research universities in North Carolina. The lecture was held at the John Hope Franklin Center, Duke University.
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China\'s Impact on North Carolina\'s Major Industries
September 06, 2007 | Gary Gereffi | U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission Hearing | Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Gereffi gave a testimony on how trade with China has affected NC\'s economy as part of the “China’s Impact on the North Carolina Economy: Winners and Losers” hearing on Sept. 6, 2007. View website: www.uscc.gov/hearings/2007hearings/hr07_09_06.php
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Nanotechnology in a Global Context: North Carolina
March 29, 2007 | Gary Gereffi, Stacey Frederick, Ryan Ong | Nanotechnology and the Emerging Global Knowledge Economy | Durham, NC, USA

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North Carolina in the Global Economy: A new look at global competition, local jobs, and the role of research universities
October 24, 2006 | Gary Gereffi | Duke Campus Club Talk | Durham, NC, USA
Dr. Gary Gereffi presented a talk titled \"North Carolina in the Global Economy: How to compete with and learn from China, Mexico and Italy in the 21st century.\"
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Developing Research Synergies between Academia and Business: The North Carolina in the Global Economy Project at Duke University
September 08, 2006 | Gary Gereffi | East Lansing, MI, USA
Dr. Gereffi provided the keynote speech at this international symposium to explore models for technological upgrading and economic development.
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The Fiber-Textile-Apparel Value Chain: Mexico and China Compared
March 06, 2006 | Gary Gereffi | First Forum on Opportunities in the Economic and Trade Relationship Between China and Mexico in a Latin American Context | Naciones Unidas, Mexico

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Events

Duke GVC Summit
October 29-31 | Duke University | Durham, NC | USA
Duke University hosted a Global Summit for policy leaders who are thinking about value chains, governance and development in the world’s top international organizations. We have three main objectives: Direct policy impact: The summit will involve people in positions to make policy at top international organizations—such as the World Bank, the IFC, the World Trade Organization, World Economic Forum, Inter-American Development Bank, African Development Bank, OECD, UNCTAD, UNIDO, ITC, and the ILO, among others—all of whom are interested in the policy implications of a world economy increasingly influenced by global and regional value chains. Influence on development discourse among practitioners: Outputs of the summit, including a summit webpage, live video, a mini-documentary, and a series of policy briefs, will reach a global audience interested in issues of globalization and development. Academic research on governance and value chains: By interacting with leading practitioners, academic researchers will gain a better understanding of the key issues and questions facing policymakers, and will help to disseminate the results of the Global Summit to diverse groups.
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Panel to Discuss State of NC Economy
April 21, 2014 | Duke University, Erwin Mill Building, Room A103 | Durham, NC | USA
How seven key North Carolina industries have adapted to major changes in the U.S. and the global economy over the past several years is the focus of a panel discussion Monday, April 21 (3-5pm), at Duke University. The discussion included leaders from the state Department of Commerce, Durham Technical Community College and Duke. The event was free and open to the public. Much of the information discussed is included in an updated website produced by Duke CGGC (www.ncglobaleconomy.com), also launched April 21.

Workshop on Governance in a “GVC” World
April 11-13, 2013 | Duke University, Social Science Research Institute, Erwin Mill Building, Room A103 | Durham, NC | USA
The workshop involves a number of prominent GVC researchers and a variety of other local scholars on the theme of Governance in a Global Value Chain World. The workshop was supported by the Center for International Studies (CIS) at Duke, and was part of the Globalization, Governance and Development (GGD) seminar that Giovanni Zanalda and Gary Gereffi co-organized.
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Technology Innovation and the Coal Value Chain Conference
March 27 | Hyatt Regency on Capitol Hill | Washington, DC | USA
Duke University and Bank of America hosted the conference “Technology Innovation and the Coal Value Chain” in Washington, D.C. The conference explored the role of coal in the U.S. energy future. It featured discussions on the state of the coal value chain, technologies on the horizon that may have the potential to address the environmental impacts of coal use, and options for public policy to spur deployment of innovative coal technologies. The agenda included presentations by individuals from the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke CGGC, Bank of America, Duke Energy, American Electric Power, Carnegie Mellon, Alstom, Clean Air Task Force and others. The event was free and open to the public.
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CGGC Nicaragua Delegation Meeting
March 20 | Duke University | Durham, NC | USA
On March 20, 2013, a delegation from Nicaragua led by General Alvaro Baltodano, Presidential Delegate for Investment, Promotion and Foreign Trade, met with Stacey Frederick, Research Scientist, Karina Fernandez-Stark, Senior Research Analyst and Mike Hensen, Assistant Director, to follow up on a 2010 CGGC research project led by Gary Gereffi on improving the competitiveness of Nicaragua’s textiles and apparel industry. As part of the study, Gereffi and Duke alumnus and University of Colorado faculty member Jennifer Bair, led the research team to Nicaragua in the fall of 2010 to interview textile and apparel companies and government officials involved in trade promotion in this sector. The visit to Duke, facilitated by Ambassador Michael Samuels, President of Samuels International Affiliates, who was accompanied by Ms. Kimberly Glas, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Textiles and Apparel in the US Department of Commerce, was to discuss future CGGC research targeted at identifying new growth strategies for Nicaragua in textiles, including attracting foreign direct investment, that would increase national employment and improve Nicaragua’s overall global market share in this industry.
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Bus Rapid Transit in the United States: Building a Business Constituency
March 7-8 | Duke University, Thomas Center | Durham, NC | USA
A one-day working meeting to focus on how to build a BRT “industry” as an assertive constituency, similar to those for light rail and high-speed rail. Invited participants will include industry representatives in bus manufacturing, intelligent transportation systems, fare collection, consulting, design, and system operations; finance experts; FTA representatives; and leading BRT advocates and researchers.
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SKILLS FOR UPGRADING: Workforce Development and Global Value Chains in Developing Countries
November 17 | Enrique V. Iglesias Conference Center | Washington, DC | USA
RTI International, Duke CGGC, and the Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF) held a workshop to launch the Skills for Upgrading study. This research project examines workforce development strategies in developing countries in the context of the shifting upgrading dynamics of global value chains. Funded by RTI International and carried out by Duke CGGC, this research addresses policymakers, donors and development practitioners to improve our understanding of how workforce development strategies can enhance the upgrading efforts and competitiveness of developing countries in global industries. Opening remarks were by Claudio Cortellese of the MIF giving an overview of the importance of efficiently and effectively targeting workforce development in Latin America to support economic growth. The luncheon session by Alejandro Banegas of IAGSA (Honduras) provided a private sector perspective of the challenges of GVC upgrading and workforce development in Honduras in the global fruit and vegetable industry. The workshop website, agenda, and select presentations are listed below.
Workshop InformationAgenda

Capturing the Energy Efficiency Opportunity Workshop
September 17 | Duke University, Fuqua School of Business | Durham, NC | USA
Duke University and the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) hosted an interactive workshop, facilitated by Duke faculty and staff with Climate Corps alumni and their host companies, to distill lessons learned from three years of work on ways companies can make their manufacturing and other corporate processes more efficient and reduce carbon emissions. An event summary report, published in March 2011, is provided below, entitled: Capturing the Energy Efficiency Opportunity: Lessons from EDF Climate Corps.
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Duke-VIU 2009 International Summer Research Workshop
July 5-10 | Duke University | Durham, NC | USA
CGGC, together with Venice International University’s (VIU) Center for Studies on Technologies in Distributed Intelligence Systems (TeDIS) hosted the 2009 International Summer Research Workshop around the theme of Economic, Social and Environmental Restructuring in Global Value Chains.

Duke-VIU 2008 International Summer Research Workshop
July 13-18, 2008 | Venice International University | Venice | Italy
Duke-CGGC, together with Venice International University’s Center for Studies on Technologies in Distributed Intelligence Systems (TeDIS), expanded their ongoing collaboration by developing a new International Summer Research Workshop.
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Visualizing North Carolina in the Global Economy Open House
October 16, 2007 | Duke University, Erwin Mill Building, A103 | Durham, NC | USA
This \'Open House\' is to recognize the conclusion of the first phase of work on updating and upgrading CGGC\'s website on North Carolina in the Global Economy with new data to bring this site to its 2007 version, utilizing new visualization tools for the display of the data made possible by a collaboration with Duke\'s Center for Instructional Technology.

Nanotechnology and the Emerging Global Knowledge Economy: Challenges and Opportunities in an International Context
March 2007 | Duke University | Durham, NC | USA
A mini-conference on diverse elements of the global economy touching on nanotechnology research projects, the supply and demand for engineers and scientists and other related topics. This meeting was two days (March 29-30) and involved selected international scholars and industry representatives, North Carolina nanotechnology firms and regional policymakers.
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GVC Workshop: Industrial Upgrading, Offshore Production, and Labor
November 9-10, 2006 | Duke University, Erwin Mill Building | Durham, NC | USA
Two-day workshop. Not open to the public.
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VIU-CGGC Global Value Chains Training
February 6-17, 2006
CGGC, with Venice International University (VIU), held a joint research and training program, linking VIU’s work on Italian industrial districts and CGGC’s work on global value chains.