Research Reports

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Inclusion of Small- and Medium-Sized Producers in High-Value Agro-Food Value Chains

December 2012   |   Durham, NC   |   Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi
This paper uses the global value chain methodology to analyze Inter-American Development Bank Multilateral Investment Fund (IDB-MIF) initiatives in Latin America that aim to include high-value agriculture small producers in the national, regional and global chains. Based on extensive primary and secondary research, we propose a holistic model for these interventions.
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Assessment of Five High-Value Agriculture Inclusive Business Projects

December 2012   |   Durham, NC   |   Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber
This paper is a summary of five IDB-MIF projects on high-value agriculture value chains that aimed to include small- and medium-sized producers in high-value agriculture value chains. The objective of this paper is to provide a set of lessons learned to design and implement efficient, effective and sustainable projects in the future.
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Basic Principles and Guidelines for Impactful and Sustainable Inclusive Business Interventions in High-Value Agro-Food Value Chains

December 2012   |   Durham, NC   |   Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber
Client: Inter-American Development Bank-Multilateral Investment Fund (IDB-MIF)

Challenge: IDB-MIF wanted to capture the lessons from its experience in inclusive business and value chain development interventions in high-value agricultural markets. They sought to improve these interventions based on good practices and facilitate systematic institutionalization of this knowledge.

Approach & Outcome: Duke CGGC’s report summarized key lessons of IDB-MIF's projects in seven countries throughout Latin America. The team proposed a model to overcome constraints and provided a step-by-step guide to deploy it in high-value agriculture markets. The report was based on extensive primary and secondary research of IDB-MIF projects, interventions by development agencies and literature on SME inclusion in value chains. Over 50 interviews were conducted with country specialists, implementing agencies, industry experts, associations and producers.
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The Competitiveness of Small Organic Cocoa Producers of the National Confederation of Dominican Cocoa Producers (CONACADO)

December 2012   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark
Small organic cocoa producers in the Dominican Republic improve their competitiveness by increasing cultivation productivity. This case study is also available in Spanish (Competitividad de Pequeños Productores de Cacao Orgánico de la Confederación Nacional de Cacaocultores Dominicanos).
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Case: Supporting the Competitiveness of Central American Coffee

July 2012   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark
After the coffee crisis at the turn of the century, a selected group of small and medium coffee producers in five Central American countries received technical assistance to produce higher value specialty coffee and help to establish market linkages with global buyers. This topic is explored in this case study for IDB-MIF. It is also available in Spanish (Apoyando la Competitividad del Café Centroamericano).
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Case: Development of Micro and Small Rural Apicultural Producers in Nicaragua & Honduras

July 2012   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark
Micro- and small honey producers were helped to enter into the domestic (Honduras) and global (Nicaragua) value chains.

Caso: Desarrollo de Micro y Pequeños Productores Apícolas en Nicaragua y Honduras

Micro y pequeños productores de miel fueron apoyados para insertarse en la cadena local de la miel (Honduras) y en la cadena global de la miel (Nicaragua).
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Case: Conversion to Organic Cacao Cultivation in Peru

July 2012   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark
Small producers, members of a large, established coffee and cocoa cooperative in Tingo María, Perú, converted to certified organic production of cocoa.

Caso: Conversión hacia un Cultivo Orgánico de Cacao en Perú

Pequeños productores de cacao y café, miembros de la Cooperativa Industrial Naranjillo (COOPAIN), una cooperativa grande y consolidada en Tingo María, Perú, se han convertido en productores de café orgánico certificado.
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Case: Strengthening the Competitiveness of Organic Producers in Andean Microwatersheds

July 2012   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark
Small fruit and vegetables producers in Huánuco, Peru were supported to form a consortium to sell their organic produce in supermarkets in Lima.

Caso: Fortaleciendo la Competitividad de Productores Orgánicos en Microcuencas Andinas

Pequeños productores de frutas y verduras en Huánuco, Perú fueron apoyados para formar un consorcio con el fin de vender su producción orgánica en los supermercados de Lima.
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Case: Strengthening the Competitiveness of the Stevia Value Chain in Paraguay

July 2012   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark
Small stevia producers in Paraguay were helped to improve the production and quality of stevia to raise incomes and expand the supply of stevia.

Caso: Fortaleciendo la Competitividad en la Cadena de Valor de Stevia en Paraguay

Pequeños productores de stevia recibieron ayuda para mejorar la producción y calidad de la stevia en Paraguay con el fin de expandir la oferta del producto en mercados internacionales y aumentar sus ingresos.
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Manual: Desarrollo Económico Local y Cadenas Globales de Valor

December 2011   |   Durham, NC   |   Karina Fernández-Stark, Gary Gereffi
Este manual tiene por objeto informar a los equipos de investigación del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo en América Latina acerca de una metodología que permite analizar casos de Desarrollo Económico Local (DEL). En este instructivo se ha incluido el marco tradicional de los estudios DEL y, además, se ha incorporado la metodología de las cadenas globales de valor con el fin de analizar cómo los sectores productivos están colaborando en el desarrollo económico local y, a la vez, cómo los micro, pequeños y medianos empresarios están incluidos en la cadena.
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Engineering Services in the Americas

July 2010   |   Durham, NC   |   Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi
Despite the 2008-2009 economic crisis, countries across Latin America continue to grow rapidly, driven by commodity booms and the growth of mining, petroleum and forestry sectors. Combined with the need for massive scale infrastructure development across these developing countries, the demand for engineering services in the Americas is booming. This report examines how this demand may be met regionally by analyzing the supply and quality and cost of engineers in five key countries: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and the United States.
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The Offshore Services Industry: A New Opportunity for Latin America

December 2009   |   Gary Gereffi, Mario Castillo, Karina Fernandez-Stark
Duke CGGC prepared a Policy Brief for the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in which the offshore services industry is presented as a new opportunity for Latin America. Duke CGGC was invited to present the main findings of the Policy Brief in the annual REDIBERO meeting, with the title, "La Promoción del Comercio y la Inversión en Iberoamérica ¿Podemos avanzar hacia la promoción regional?"
IADB Policy Brief  Presentation (in Spanish)