Research Reports


Peru in the High Quality Cotton Textile and Apparel Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

January 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi
This report analyzes Peru’s participation in the high quality cotton textile and apparel global value chain. The textile and apparel sector is a key pillar of Peru’s manufacturing sector, while high quality cotton has been cultivated for centuries in the country. The study uses the GVC framework to analyze Peru’s position and potential for upgrading in the industry. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and high quality cotton.
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Pro-Poor Development and Power Asymmetries in Global Value Chains

September 2015   |   Durham, NC   |   Ajmal Abdulsamad, Stacey Frederick, Andrew Guinn, Gary Gereffi
This report presents the asymmetric power relations in global value chains. It examines the limits of private governance and its development implications for local firms and producers in developing countries by drawing on the cases of apparel, cocoa-chocolate, and sugar-‘soft drink’ global value chains.
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Nicaragua and the Apparel Value Chain in the Americas

March 2014   |   Durham, NC   |   Stacey Frederick, Jennifer Bair, Gary Gereffi
This report explores how U.S. regional textile and apparel manufacturers are linked to the U.S. industry through textile exports and apparel imports and the the role of trade legislation in the past, present and future of the industry in Nicaragua and the United States.
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The Apparel Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 3

November 2011   |   Durham, NC   |   Karina Fernandez-Stark, Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi
Export-processing zones in low-cost countries have become synonymous with globalization, but what is the next step for developing countries in apparel? Outlines the skills required to turn assembly lines into one-stop production centers that include design, logistics and brands. This report analyzes the industry in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Lesotho, and Nicaragua.
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Strengthening Nicaragua's Position in the Textile-Apparel Value Chain: Upgrading in the Context of the CAFTA-DR Region

December 2010   |   Durham, NC   |   Gary Gereffi, Jennifer Bair
This study examines the competitiveness of the textile-apparel sector in Nicaragua, with the objective of producing a diagnosis of the textile – apparel industry in Nicaragua and the United States, an assessment of the opportunities and obstacles to upgrading, and concrete proposals for steps to be taken in the short and medium term.
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The Global Apparel Value Chain, Trade And The Crisis : Challenges And Opportunities For Developing Countries

June 2010   |   Gary Gereffi, Stacey Frederick
This paper analyzes the recent evolution and impact of the global economic crisis on the apparel industry. This paper was commissioned by the World Bank.
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