Workforce Development

Promoting Decent Work in Global Supply Chains (GSCs) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC): Key Issues, Good Practices, Lessons Learned and Policy Insights

2016   |    Gary Gereffi, Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark

The report, prepared by Dr. Gereffi, Penny Bamber and Karina Fernandez-Stark for the International Labour Organisation (ILO), uses a case-based approach to analyze circumstances under which both economic and social upgrading have been achieved simultaneously. The report is based on a desk-based review, drawing upon existing studies of GSCs to examine their impacts and implications for the development of domestic firms and workers, their contribution to productive transformation and structural change and their impacts on the quantity and quality of jobs in the LAC region.

ILO Americas Technical Reports, 2016/1   View Report (English)  View Report (Spanish)  View ILO Page

Economic and Social Upgrading and Workforce Development in the Apparel Global Value Chain

2013   |    Gary Gereffi

Korea Labor Institute, International Labor Brief 11, 4 (April): 18-28  View Article

How Many Highly Skilled Foreign-Born Are Waiting in Line for U.S. Legal Permanent Residence?

2010   |    Guillermina Jasso, Vivek Wadhwa, Gary Gereffi, Ben Rissing, Richard Freemen

International Migration Review 44(2), p. 477-498

The American Brain Drain and Asia

2009   |    Vivek Wadhwa, Gary Gereffi, Alex Salkever

This paper examines what motivates individuals from different parts of the world to come to the United States.

Asia-Pacific Journal Vol. 14-1-09, April 4  View Article

The Impacts of Wal-Mart: The Rise and Consequences of the World\\\'s Dominant Retailer

2009   |    Gary Gereffi and Michelle Christian

Annual Review of Sociology 35: 573-591.  Read More

America's Loss is the World's Gain: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Part IV

2009   |    Vivek Wadhwa, AnnaLee Saxenian, Richard Freeman, Gary Gereffi

This paper attempts to answer questions on immigration and entrepreneurship through a survey of 1,203 Indian and Chinese immigrants who had worked or received their education in the United States and returned to their home country.

America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs Series Report funded by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, March 2  View Article on SSRN

How the Disciple Became the Guru

2008   |    Vivek Wadhwa, Una Kim de Vitton, Gary Gereffi

This paper is based on detailed interviews with the CEOs, HR executives, R&D managers, and employees of 24 leading companies in rapidly growing sectors in India. The authors present an overview of best practices.

SSRN Working Paper   View Article on SSRN   View SSRN Abstract

Skilled Immigration and Economic Growth

2008   |    Vivek Wadhwa, AnnaLee Saxenian, Ben Rissing, Gary Gereffi

This paper explores the educational attainment and career trajectories of immigrant entrepreneurs in the United States.

Applied Research in Economic Development Vol. 5, No. 1, p. 6-14  View Article on SSRN

Getting the Numbers Right: International Engineering Education in the United States, China, and India

2008   |    Gary Gereffi, Vivek Wadhwa, Ben Rissing, Ryan Ong

This article challenges the commonly cited statistics for engineering graduates in the United States, China, and India. The authors argue that the key issue in engineering education should be the quality of graduates, not just the quantity, since quantity

Journal of Engineering Education January 2008 Issue, p. 13-25  View Article

Intellectual Property, the Immigration Backlog and a Reverse Brain-Drain: Part III

2007   |    Vivek Wadhwa, Guillermina Jasso, Ben Rissing, Gary Gereffi, Richard Freeman

This Kauffman Foundation-supported study is Part III of the "America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs" series, which focuses on immigrants' contributions to the competitiveness of the U.S. economy.

America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs Series   View Paper

Education, Entrepreneurship and Immigration: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Part II

2007   |    Vivek Wadhwa, Ben Rissing, AnnaLee Saxenian, Gary Gereffi

Skilled immigrants have achieved great success in starting engineering and technology companies in the United States, and they contribute significantly to the country's economic growth over time. This paper seeks to understand the educational backgrounds and career trajectories of immigrant entrepreneurs, as well as to identify lessons for enhancing the competitiveness of the U.S. economy. The research confirms that advanced education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics is correlated with high rates of entrepreneurship and innovation.

SSRN Working Paper   View Paper on SSRN

Where the Engineers Are

2007   |    Vivek Wadhwa, Gary Gereffi, Ben Rissing, Ryan Ong

To guide education policy and maintain its innovation leadership, the United States must acquire an accurate understanding of the quantity and quality of engineering graduates in India and China.

National Academy of Science Journal, Issues in Science & Technology Sping, p. 73-84  View Article

America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs: Part I

2007   |    Vivek Wadhwa, AnnaLee Saxenian, Ben Rissing, Gary Gereffi

This paper assesses the contribution of skilled immigrants in the creation of engineering and technology businesses and intellectual property in the United States.

Duke Science, Technology & Innovation Working Paper Series No. 23   View Article