GVC: Africa

Global Value Chains and Agrifoods Standards: Challenges and Possibilities for Smallholders in Developing Countries

2012   |    Joonkoo Lee, Gary Gereffi, Janet Beauvais

The rise of private food standards has brought forth an ongoing debate about whether they work as a barrier for smallholders and hinder poverty reduction in developing countries. This paper uses a global value chain approach to explain the relationship between value chain structure and agri-food safety and quality standards and to discuss the challenges and possibilities this entails for the upgrading of smallholders. Part of the Special Feature on “Agriculture Development and Nutrition Security.”

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Vol. 109, No. 31, p. 12326-12331  View PDF   View Publication

The Marketing and Distribution of Fast Food

2010   |    Michelle Christian, Gary Gereffi

This chapter seeks to advance the multi-level approach to studying childhood obesity by focusing on the "macro" level of corporations in the global economy. We use a global value chains (GVC) framework to explain how the structure of food and agricultural value chains, with an emphasis on the fast-food segment, affects individual consumption choices.

Pediatric Obesity: Etiology, Pathogenesis, and Treatment Pp. 439- 450 in Michael Freemark (ed.) New York: Humana Press.  View Publication

Trade, Transnational Corporations and Food Consumption: A Global Value Chain Approach

2010   |    Gary Gereffi, Michelle Christian

This paper explores the connections between the spread of obesity, especially in developing countries, and the interrelated expansion of trade, foreign direct investment, and transnational corporations (TNCs). The authors outline how the main concepts and methods of global value chains analysis can be applied to identify the direct and indirect linkages between the global economic processes of trade, foreign and direct investment, and food consumption.

Trade, Food, Diet and Health: Perspectives and Policy Options Pp. 91-110 in Corinna Hawkes, Chantal Blouin, Spencer Henson, Nick Drager, and Laurette Dubé (eds.), Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell  View Chapter

U.S.-Based Food and Agricultural Value Chains and Their Relevance to Healthy Diets

2009   |    Gary Gereffi, Joonkoo Lee, Michelle Christian

This paper outlines the global value chains (GVCs) of the chicken and tomato industries, showing how these industries have changed over time, who is driving that change, and how different segments of the value chain affect healthy diets and impact low-income populations. The authors specifically address how the lead firms in the global value chains of the chicken and tomato industries are a part of the processed food revolution and how this potentially impacts low-income communities.

Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition 4(3), p. 357-374  View PDF   View Publisher's Website

A Global Value Chain Approach to Food Safety and Quality Standards

2009   |    Gary Gereffi, Joonkoo Lee

Report prepared for the Global Health Diplomacy for Chronic Disease Protection Working Paper Series   View PDF

The Globalization of Innovation: Can India and China Cure the Global Pharmaceutical Market?

2008   |    Vivek Wadhwa, Ben Rissing, Gary Gereffi, John Trumpbour, Pete Engardio

Multinational pharmaceutical corporations are searching for means to broaden their capacity for drug development while decreasing costs. Pharmaceutical firms in India and China are increasingly forging partnerships with these corporations to gain revenue and to develop their own expertise. These relationships largely appear to be symbiotic. As a result of the movement of research to their countries, Indian and Chinese scientists are rapidly developing the ability to innovate and create their own intellectual property. Several firms in India and China are performing advanced R&D and are moving into the highest-value segments of the pharmaceutical global value chain. This research was funded in part by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.

  View Article on SSRN

A Global Value Chains Approach to Food, Healthy Diets, and Childhood Obesity

2007   |    Gary Gereffi, Michelle Christian

A challenge associated with the nutrition transition in developing countries (i.e.,simultaneous presence of over-nutrition and under-nutrition, both being most prevalent in the poorest population segments) is the integration of their markets into the global economy. This integration determined rapid and strong changes in the production and trade of agricultural goods in the developing countries as well as growing foreign direct investments in food processing and retailing, and the expansion of food advertisements with obvious implications for dietary patterns and the risk of obesity.

Conference paper for the WHO Early-Stage Expert Meeting on Trade and Healthy Diets November 12-13, 2007 at the Executive Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada  View PDF